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Open AccessArticle

Studies on Influence of Cell Temperature in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Operation

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, Pennalur, Sriperumbudur Tk-602 117, India
2
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Alagappa Chettiar Government College of Engineering and Technology, Karaikudi-630 003, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(3), 353; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8030353
Received: 2 January 2020 / Revised: 11 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling and Process Control of Fuel Cell Systems)
Directmethanol fuel cells (DMFCs) offer one of the most promising alternatives for the replacement of fossil fuels. A DMFC that had an active Membrane Electrode Assembly (MEA) area of 45 cm2, a squoval-shaped manifold hole design, and a Pt-Ru/C catalyst combination at the anode was taken for analysis in simulation and real-time experimentation. A mathematical model was developed using dynamic equations of a DMFC. Simulation of a DMFC model using MATLAB software was carried out to identify the most influencing process variables, namely cell temperature, methanol flow rate and methanol concentration during a DMFC operation. Simulation results were recorded and analyzed. It was observed from the results that the cell temperature was the most influencing process variable in the DMFC operation, more so than the methanol flow rate and the methanol concentration. In the DMFC, real-time experimentation was carried out at different cell temperatures to find out the optimum temperature at which maximum power density was obtained. The results obtained in simulation and the experiment were compared and it was concluded that the temperature was the most influencing process variable and 333K was the optimum operating temperature required to achieve the most productive performance in power density of the DMFC. View Full-Text
Keywords: direct methanol fuel cell; methanol crossover; power density; catalyst; membrane electrode assembly direct methanol fuel cell; methanol crossover; power density; catalyst; membrane electrode assembly
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Govindarasu, R.; Somasundaram, S. Studies on Influence of Cell Temperature in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Operation. Processes 2020, 8, 353.

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