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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Impact of Varying Load Conditions and Cooling Energy Comparison of a Double-Inlet Pulse Tube Refrigerator

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore 54890, Pakistan
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Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences, Karlstad University, 65188 Karlstad, Sweden
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Department of Agricultural Engineering, MNS University of Agriculture, Multan 66000, Pakistan
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School of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Technology, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100, Pakistan
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School of Engineering, University of Management and Technology, Lahore 54890, Pakistan
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Research Centre for Carbon Solutions, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(3), 352; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8030352
Received: 10 February 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 12 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Energy Conversion Systems and Emission Control)
Modeling and optimization of a double-inlet pulse tube refrigerator (DIPTR) is very difficult due to its geometry and nature. The objective of this paper was to optimize-DIPTR through experiments with the cold heat exchanger (CHX) along the comparison of cooling load with experimental data using different boundary conditions. To predict its performance, a detailed two-dimensional DIPTR model was developed. A double-drop pulse pipe cooler was used for solving continuity, dynamic and power calculations. External conditions for applicable boundaries include sinusoidal pressure from an end of the tube from a user-defined function and constant temperature or limitations of thermal flux within the outer walls of exchanger walls under colder conditions. The results of the system’s cooling behavior were reported, along with the connection between the mass flow rates, heat distribution along pulse tube and cold-end pressure, the cooler load’s wall temp profile and cooler loads with varied boundary conditions i.e. opening of 20% double-inlet and 40-60% orifice valves, respectively. Different loading conditions of 1 and 5 W were applied on the CHX. At 150 K temperature of the cold-end heat exchanger, a maximum load of 3.7 W was achieved. The results also reveal a strong correlation between computational fluid dynamics modeling results and experimental results of the DIPTR. View Full-Text
Keywords: boundary conditions; two-dimensional simulation; fluent; pressure user define function; regenerator boundary conditions; two-dimensional simulation; fluent; pressure user define function; regenerator
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Arslan, M.; Farooq, M.; Naqvi, M.; Sultan, U.; Tahir, Z.-U.-R.; Nawaz, S.; Waheed, N.; Naqvi, S.R.; Ali, Q.; Tariq, M.S.; Chaudhry, I.A.; Anderson, J.M.; Anukam, A. Impact of Varying Load Conditions and Cooling Energy Comparison of a Double-Inlet Pulse Tube Refrigerator. Processes 2020, 8, 352.

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