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Risks 2018, 6(4), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/risks6040118

New Insights on Hedge Ratios in the Presence of Stochastic Transaction Costs

1
Department of Ecomics, Administration and Sociology, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, SP 13418-900, Brazil
2
Deparment of Aricultural Economics, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583-0922, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 September 2018 / Revised: 9 October 2018 / Accepted: 10 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
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Abstract

The objective of this research is to evaluate the influence on hedging decisions of a realistic set of transaction costs which are largely stochastic. The stochastic nature of some transaction costs (such as margin calls) means that their exact value is unknown when the hedge is placed, since they depend on the trajectory of futures prices during the hedge. Results are consistent with previous studies in that the introduction of transaction costs tend to affect hedge ratios. However, as opposed to the traditional literature, the introduction of stochastic costs in futures hedging can either decrease or increase hedge ratios depending on how these costs are determined. View Full-Text
Keywords: transaction costs; optimal hedge ratio; uncertainty transaction costs; optimal hedge ratio; uncertainty
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Andrade, E.; Mattos, F.; Lima, R.A.S. New Insights on Hedge Ratios in the Presence of Stochastic Transaction Costs. Risks 2018, 6, 118.

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