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Open AccessArticle

Cognitive Intervention with Musical Stimuli Using Digital Devices on Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Music Therapy, Graduate School, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 52, Korea
2
Department of Neurology, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University, Busan 50834, Korea
3
Department of Neurological Surgery, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University, Busan 50834, Korea
4
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University, Busan 50834, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(1), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8010045
Received: 19 January 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 21 February 2020 / Published: 25 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mobile Health Care with Smart Technology Applications)
The effect of music therapy on cognitive function has been widely reported; however, its clinical implications remain controversial. Performing therapeutic musical activities in groups using individualized instruments can help overcome the issues of engagement and compliance. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a cognitive intervention with musical stimuli using digital devices on mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In this prospective study, 24 patients with MCI (intervention group, 12; and control group, 12) were enrolled. We developed an electronic device with musical instruments and the Song-based Cognitive Stimulation Therapy protocol (SongCST). Patients in the intervention group underwent a 10-week cognitive intervention involving musical stimuli generated by our device. Effect of the intervention on cognitive function was evaluated by the Mini-Mental State Examination-Dementia Screening (MMSE-DS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Korean (MOCA-K), and Clinical Dementia Rating Scale Sum of Boxes (CDR-SOB). In the intervention group, MMSE-DS and MOCA-K scores improved significantly after the 10-week intervention. The changes in MOCA-K and CDR-SB scores were significantly different between the intervention and control groups. Our study showed that music therapy with digital devices has a positive effect on the executive function and overall disease severity in patients with MCI. Our study can facilitate individualization of music therapy using digital devices in groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: mild cognitive impairment; music therapy; executive function; technology mild cognitive impairment; music therapy; executive function; technology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, E.; Park, J.; Kim, H.; Jo, G.; Do, H.-K.; Lee, B.I. Cognitive Intervention with Musical Stimuli Using Digital Devices on Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study. Healthcare 2020, 8, 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8010045

AMA Style

Han E, Park J, Kim H, Jo G, Do H-K, Lee BI. Cognitive Intervention with Musical Stimuli Using Digital Devices on Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study. Healthcare. 2020; 8(1):45. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8010045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Han, Eunyoung; Park, Jinse; Kim, Haeyu; Jo, Geunyeol; Do, Hwan-Kwon; Lee, Byung I. 2020. "Cognitive Intervention with Musical Stimuli Using Digital Devices on Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study" Healthcare 8, no. 1: 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8010045

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