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Oral Health in Pregnant Chinese Women in Singapore: A Call to Go beyond the Traditional Clinical Care

1
Discipline of Oral Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119083, Singapore
2
Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117597, Singapore
3
Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore 117549, Singapore
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119074, Singapore
5
Department of Paediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2018, 6(3), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6030077
Received: 23 May 2018 / Revised: 3 July 2018 / Accepted: 6 July 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Care)
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PDF [2172 KB, uploaded 11 July 2018]
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Abstract

Objective: To examine the correlations among oral health knowledge, attitude, practices and oral disease among pregnant Chinese women in Singapore. Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted in pregnant Chinese women in Singapore. A questionnaire was used to collect data of oral health knowledge, attitude and practices. Plaque index scores were used to assess the oral health of subjects. Results: A total of 82 pregnant women participated in the study, out of whom 38% showed adequate oral health knowledge, nearly half of them achieved adequate and oral health attitude and practice scores while 34% had good Plaque index scores. The lower income group had higher experience of self-reported dental problems during pregnancy than those in the higher income group (p = 0.03). There were significant positive correlations between scores of oral health practice, attitude and oral health knowledge levels. The plaque index scores negatively correlated with the oral health practice scores (p = 0.02). Conclusions: Our findings provided evidence that oral health knowledge, attitude and practices among Chinese pregnant women were not optimal which implies the importance of promoting their oral health during pregnancy through the improvement of knowledge and attitudes. This would facilitate formulation and implementation of appropriate oral health promotion policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: attitudes; Chinese; knowledge; oral health; practice; pregnant women attitudes; Chinese; knowledge; oral health; practice; pregnant women
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Balan, P.; He, H.-G.; Cao, F.; Wong, M.L.; Chong, Y.-S.; Lopez, V.; Soh, S.-E.; Seneviratne, C.J. Oral Health in Pregnant Chinese Women in Singapore: A Call to Go beyond the Traditional Clinical Care. Healthcare 2018, 6, 77.

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