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Professional Well-Being of Practicing Physicians: The Roles of Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, 6-10 University Terrace, Edmonton, AB T6G 2T4, Canada
Healthcare 2018, 6(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6010012
Received: 16 January 2018 / Revised: 27 January 2018 / Accepted: 30 January 2018 / Published: 2 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Humanities and Healthcare)
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PDF [205 KB, uploaded 2 February 2018]

Abstract

This study investigated the roles of basic psychological needs—autonomy, competence, and relatedness—in physicians’ professional well-being, specifically satisfaction with professional life, work-related engagement, and exhaustion. Using an online survey, quantitative data were collected from 57 practicing physicians. Overall, 65% of the participants were female; 49% were family medicine (FM) physicians, with the rest of the participants practicing in various non-FM specialties (e.g., internal medicine, pediatrics, surgery); and 47% were in the early-career stage (≤10 years in practice). Multivariate regression analyses indicated that of the three psychological needs, the need for relatedness had the largest unique contributions to physicians’ satisfaction with professional life, work-related engagement, and exhaustion, respectively. The unique contributions of the needs for autonomy and competence were relatively small. These findings extend basic psychological needs theory to the work domain of practicing physicians in an attempt to examine underpinnings of physicians’ professional well-being, a critical component of quality patient care. View Full-Text
Keywords: basic psychological needs theory; autonomy; competence; relatedness; well-being; life satisfaction; engagement; exhaustion basic psychological needs theory; autonomy; competence; relatedness; well-being; life satisfaction; engagement; exhaustion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Babenko, O. Professional Well-Being of Practicing Physicians: The Roles of Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness. Healthcare 2018, 6, 12.

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