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Article

The Use of Virtual Therapy in Cardiac Rehabilitation of Male Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A Randomized Pilot Study

1
Faculty of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Department of Kinesiology and Health Prevention, Jan Dlugosz University in Częstochowa, 42-200 Częstochowa, Poland
3
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, Azienda ULSS 3 Serenissima, 30126 Venice, Italy
4
Center for Sports Cardiology at the Gajda-Med Medical Center in Pultusk, 06-102 Pultusk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Joaquim Carreras
Healthcare 2022, 10(4), 745; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040745
Received: 14 March 2022 / Revised: 13 April 2022 / Accepted: 14 April 2022 / Published: 16 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Virtual Reality and Robotics Interventions for Neurological Diseases)
The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual reality therapy (VRT) in the treatment of anxiety–depressive disorders and in reducing stress levels in a group of men with coronary heart disease (CHD) participating in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The study included 34 men with CHD who were assigned to the experimental group (EG) or the control group (CG). CR in the EG was supported by 8 VRT sessions, while CR in the CG was supplemented with 8 SAT sessions. Anxiety–depressive disorders were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Perceived stress was assessed using the Perception of Stress Questionnaire (PSQ). In the EG, all measured parameters improved after the intervention. Significant reductions in HADS total score, the HADS-A, general stress score, emotional tension, and the external stress were obtained. In the CG, a deterioration in all measured parameters was observed. Significant changes were obtained in the general stress score and intrapsychic stress. The analysis between groups showed that the effectiveness of psychological interventions significantly differed between groups. The study results confirmed that supplementing standard CR with VRT leads to an improvement in the mental state of the patients and thus has a positive effect on the course of CR. However, the small sample size and high withdrawal rate prompt cautious interpretation of the results. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual reality; cardiac rehabilitation; mental health virtual reality; cardiac rehabilitation; mental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jóźwik, S.; Wrzeciono, A.; Cieślik, B.; Kiper, P.; Szczepańska-Gieracha, J.; Gajda, R. The Use of Virtual Therapy in Cardiac Rehabilitation of Male Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A Randomized Pilot Study. Healthcare 2022, 10, 745. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040745

AMA Style

Jóźwik S, Wrzeciono A, Cieślik B, Kiper P, Szczepańska-Gieracha J, Gajda R. The Use of Virtual Therapy in Cardiac Rehabilitation of Male Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A Randomized Pilot Study. Healthcare. 2022; 10(4):745. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040745

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jóźwik, Sandra, Adam Wrzeciono, Błażej Cieślik, Paweł Kiper, Joanna Szczepańska-Gieracha, and Robert Gajda. 2022. "The Use of Virtual Therapy in Cardiac Rehabilitation of Male Patients with Coronary Heart Disease: A Randomized Pilot Study" Healthcare 10, no. 4: 745. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040745

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