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Article

Attitudes and Beliefs of Portuguese and American Nursing Students about Patients’ Sexuality

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Nursing Department, University of Evora, Comprehensive Health Research, Integrated Researcher (CHRC), Escola Superior de Enfermagem S. João de Deus, 7000-811 Evora, Portugal
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School of Health Sciences, Seattle Pacific University, Seattle, WA 98119, USA
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Instituto Politecnico de Santarém, Escola Superior de Saúde, 2005-075 Santarém, Portugal
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EdSex Project, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale-IRCCS of Reggio Emilia, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
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Faculty of Physiotherapy and Nursing, Toledo Campus, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Avda Carlos III, s/n, 45071 Toledo, Spain
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Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing (UICISA: E), The Nursing School of Coimbra (ESEnfC), 3004-011 Coimbra, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
EdSex Projec.
Academic Editors: Yasuhiro Kotera and Elaina Taylor
Healthcare 2022, 10(4), 615; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040615
Received: 14 February 2022 / Revised: 22 March 2022 / Accepted: 22 March 2022 / Published: 25 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health Matters: From Cross-Cultural Perspectives)
Nursing school graduates must be prepared to interact comfortably and effectively with patients about their sexual health. This study analyses the attitudes and beliefs about patient sexuality held by Portuguese and American nursing students. Objective: In Portuguese and American nursing students, (1) we analyzed students’ attitudes and beliefs towards sexuality using the Sexuality Attitudes and Beliefs Survey (SABS); (2) we identified nationality, socio-demographic information, and affective-sexual beliefs and attitudes. Method: Quantitative, cross-sectional study; convenience sample of 296 students (63.2% Portuguese; 36.8% American); mean age: 21.9 years (SD = 3.12); two-way ANOVA and multiple correspondence analyses were performed. Results: Attitudes and beliefs toward sexuality: Portuguese women are more liberal than men, contrary to American students. Among both nationalities, participants with multiple sexual partners held more conservative attitudes. Sexual orientation: bisexual American students and homosexual Portuguese students are conservative. Multiple correspondence analysis revealed two profiles: (1) Portuguese students: liberal-tolerant in attitudes towards patient sexuality, live with family/roommate, 18 to 21 years old, no or one sexual partner; (2) US students: traditionalist attitudes towards patient sexuality, share house, 22 and 23 years old, multiple partners. Conclusion: Human sexuality must be addressed in nursing education curricula. View Full-Text
Keywords: nursing; health personnel; clinical competence; sexuality; intervention nursing; health personnel; clinical competence; sexuality; intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sim-Sim, M.; Aaberg, V.; Dias, H.; Caldeira, E.; Gradellini, C.; Mecugni, D.; Gomez-Cantarino, S. Attitudes and Beliefs of Portuguese and American Nursing Students about Patients’ Sexuality. Healthcare 2022, 10, 615. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040615

AMA Style

Sim-Sim M, Aaberg V, Dias H, Caldeira E, Gradellini C, Mecugni D, Gomez-Cantarino S. Attitudes and Beliefs of Portuguese and American Nursing Students about Patients’ Sexuality. Healthcare. 2022; 10(4):615. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040615

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sim-Sim, Margarida, Vicki Aaberg, Hélia Dias, Ermelinda Caldeira, Cinzia Gradellini, Daniela Mecugni, and Sagrario Gomez-Cantarino. 2022. "Attitudes and Beliefs of Portuguese and American Nursing Students about Patients’ Sexuality" Healthcare 10, no. 4: 615. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10040615

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