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Open AccessArticle

Development of GIS for Buildings in the Customary Village of Minangkabau Koto Gadang, West Sumatra, Indonesia

1
Department of Information System, Andalas University, Padang 25166, Indonesia
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Andalas University, Padang 25166, Indonesia
3
Department of Agriculture Technology, Andalas University, Padang 25166, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(6), 365; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9060365
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 27 May 2020 / Accepted: 29 May 2020 / Published: 2 June 2020
Indonesia aims to strengthen its local regions and villages. This has led to the encouragement of smart village development through several forms of assistance, including Information Technology (IT) services from the government. Koto Gadang, one of the many Minangkabau customary villages in West Sumatra, has been used as a model for the development of an IT service that can support tourism known as a Web- and mobile-based geographic information system (GIS) for buildings (GB) in order to map and visualize buildings and their inhabitants. This paper reports the development of the GB. This study takes the form of a literature review, a survey, data collection, and software development. The results of the literature review and survey were used as the basis for software development. Aerial photographs of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs), mosques, offices, schools, and health service centers, as well as residential buildings, were taken using a drone, while attribute data were collected directly by visiting the buildings. The users of the GB were divided into two groups: visitors and village officers. Moreover, there confidentiality was maintained for all the data provided, so the visitors were only allowed to search for buildings (MSMEs, offices, mosques, schools, and health centers) based on certain criteria, view locations, found information, and survey routes, while village officers were allowed to collect data on residents, buildings, and houses, and also search people’s homes. Furthermore, in situations where a visitor needs to find a resident’s house, the village officers are required to provide this assistance. These provisions were applied in the GB and implemented using the PostgreSQL/PostGIS database, PHP, CSS Bootstrap, jQuery, and Basic4Android, created according to the needs of the Koto Gadang smart customary village. The GB allows the village officers to better understand and monitor all the buildings, houses, and residents in the village and could also encourage many travelers to visit and see historic buildings and shop for embroidery and silver crafts. View Full-Text
Keywords: a web- and mobile-based GIS; buildings; drone; IT service; map and visualize; residents; smart customary village a web- and mobile-based GIS; buildings; drone; IT service; map and visualize; residents; smart customary village
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Afnarius, S.; Syukur, M.; Ekaputra, E.G.; Parawita, Y.; Darman, R. Development of GIS for Buildings in the Customary Village of Minangkabau Koto Gadang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 365.

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