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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi8010025

Application of UAV Photogrammetry in Displacement Measurement of the Soil Nail Walls Using Local Features and CPDA Method

1
Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran 1996715433, Iran
2
Faculty of Geomatics Eng., Tehran University, Tehran 111554563, Iran
3
Faculty of Civil Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran 1996715433, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 November 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 6 January 2019 / Published: 11 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications and Potential of UAV Photogrammetric Survey)
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Abstract

The high cost of land across urban areas has made the excavation a typical practice to construct multiple underground stories. Various methods have been used to restrain the excavated walls and keep them from a possible collapse, including nailing and anchorage. The excavated wall monitoring, especially during the drilling and restraining operations, is necessary for preventing the risk of such incidents as an excavated wall collapse. In the present research, an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry-based algorithm was proposed for accurate, fast and low-cost monitoring of excavated walls. Different stages of the proposed methodology included design of the UAV photogrammetry network for optimal imaging, local feature extraction from the acquired images, a special optimal matching method and finally, displacement estimation through a combined adjustment method. Results of implementations showed that, using the proposed methodology, one can achieve a precision of ±7 mm in positioning local features on the excavated walls. Moreover, the wall displacement could be measured at an accuracy of ±1 cm. Having high flexibility, easy implementation, low cost and fast pace; the proposed methodology provides an appropriate alternative to micro-geodesic procedures and the use of instrumentations for excavated wall displacement monitoring. View Full-Text
Keywords: UAV photogrammetry; Close range photogrammetry; Local features; Soil Nail Wall; Measurement of deformation; Network design UAV photogrammetry; Close range photogrammetry; Local features; Soil Nail Wall; Measurement of deformation; Network design
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Esmaeili, F.; Ebadi, H.; Saadatseresht, M.; Kalantary, F. Application of UAV Photogrammetry in Displacement Measurement of the Soil Nail Walls Using Local Features and CPDA Method. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2019, 8, 25.

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