Next Article in Journal
A Survey on Reconfigurable Microstrip Filter–Antenna Integration: Recent Developments and Challenges
Previous Article in Journal
Enhanced Control Scheme for a Three-Phase Grid-Connected PV Inverter under Unbalanced Fault Conditions
Previous Article in Special Issue
CCN-Based Inter-Vehicle Communication for Efficient Collection of Road and Traffic Information
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Improved Road Segment-Based Geographical Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks

Department of Computer Science, Bahria University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham NG11 8NS, UK
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Galgotias University, Uttar Pradesh 203201, India
Department of Communications, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
School of Computing and Digital Technologies, Staffordshire University, Stoke ST4 2DE, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(8), 1248;
Received: 2 May 2020 / Revised: 25 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 4 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicular Networks and Communications)
The real-time traffic information dissemination among on-road vehicles has been envisioned via realizing vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) as smart service-oriented roadside wireless sensor networks. The network enables various types of real-time traffic applications related to safety and infotainment for drivers and passengers. The information dissemination-centric routing protocols for vehicular networks have to dynamically adopt under the constrained network environment while considering the higher mobility of vehicular nodes and unpredictable physical topologies in the network. The issue needs to be addressed through smart and network-aware routing protocols. Geographical routing protocols have witnessed significant attention for information dissemination under these types of dynamic vehicular network environment. To this end, this paper presents an improved road segment-based geographical routing (ISR) protocol focusing on better head node selection for information dissemination. It divides the forwarding area into a number of road segments and selects a head node on each segment by focusing on traffic-aware information including the location, direction, and link quality-centric score for every vehicle on each road segment. Algorithms were developed for the complete process of head node selection and information dissemination among vehicles on the road segments. The simulation results attested the performance benefits of the proposed routing framework as compared to the state-of-the-art protocols considering dynamic vehicular traffic environment-related metrics. View Full-Text
Keywords: road; segment; geographical; routing; communication; protocols; VANET road; segment; geographical; routing; communication; protocols; VANET
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Qureshi, K.N.; Islam, F.U.; Kaiwartya, O.; Kumar, A.; Lloret, J. Improved Road Segment-Based Geographical Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks. Electronics 2020, 9, 1248.

AMA Style

Qureshi KN, Islam FU, Kaiwartya O, Kumar A, Lloret J. Improved Road Segment-Based Geographical Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks. Electronics. 2020; 9(8):1248.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qureshi, Kashif N.; Islam, Farooq U.; Kaiwartya, Omprakash; Kumar, Arvind; Lloret, Jaime. 2020. "Improved Road Segment-Based Geographical Routing Protocol for Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks" Electronics 9, no. 8: 1248.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop