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Wearable and Flexible Textile Electrodes for Biopotential Signal Monitoring: A review

1
Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul TR 34956, Turkey
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi 127788, UAE
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
4
Sabanci University SUNUM Nanotechnology Research Center, Istanbul TR-34956, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution.
Electronics 2019, 8(5), 479; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8050479
Received: 29 March 2019 / Revised: 22 April 2019 / Accepted: 24 April 2019 / Published: 29 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flexible/Stretchable Electronics)
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Abstract

Wearable electronics is a rapidly growing field that recently started to introduce successful commercial products into the consumer electronics market. Employment of biopotential signals in wearable systems as either biofeedbacks or control commands are expected to revolutionize many technologies including point of care health monitoring systems, rehabilitation devices, human–computer/machine interfaces (HCI/HMIs), and brain–computer interfaces (BCIs). Since electrodes are regarded as a decisive part of such products, they have been studied for almost a decade now, resulting in the emergence of textile electrodes. This study presents a systematic review of wearable textile electrodes in physiological signal monitoring, with discussions on the manufacturing of conductive textiles, metrics to assess their performance as electrodes, and an investigation of their application in the acquisition of critical biopotential signals for routine monitoring, assessment, and exploitation of cardiac (electrocardiography, ECG), neural (electroencephalography, EEG), muscular (electromyography, EMG), and ocular (electrooculography, EOG) functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: biopotential monitoring; biosignal acquisition; conductive textile; eHealth; e-textile; IoT; long-term monitoring; health monitoring; mHealth; smart textile; textile electrodes; dry electrode; Ag/AgCl electrode; wearable computing; wearable electronics; flexible electronics; vital signs; electrocardiography; electroencephalography; electromyography; electrooculography; ECG; EEG; EMG; EOG; assistive devices; neural monitoring; cardiac monitoring; rehabilitation; eye tracking; sleep monitoring; muscular monitoring; prosthetics; gesture; human computer interaction; human machine interface; personalized healthcare biopotential monitoring; biosignal acquisition; conductive textile; eHealth; e-textile; IoT; long-term monitoring; health monitoring; mHealth; smart textile; textile electrodes; dry electrode; Ag/AgCl electrode; wearable computing; wearable electronics; flexible electronics; vital signs; electrocardiography; electroencephalography; electromyography; electrooculography; ECG; EEG; EMG; EOG; assistive devices; neural monitoring; cardiac monitoring; rehabilitation; eye tracking; sleep monitoring; muscular monitoring; prosthetics; gesture; human computer interaction; human machine interface; personalized healthcare
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Acar, G.; Ozturk, O.; Golparvar, A.J.; Elboshra, T.A.; Böhringer, K.; Yapici, M.K. Wearable and Flexible Textile Electrodes for Biopotential Signal Monitoring: A review. Electronics 2019, 8, 479.

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