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Review

Extracellular Traps: An Ancient Weapon of Multiple Kingdoms

1
Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Infection Medicine, Lund University, Baravägen 27, 22184 Lund, Sweden
2
Department of Physiological Chemistry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Buenteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany
3
Research Center for Emerging Infections and Zoonoses (RIZ), University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bünteweg 17, 30559 Hannover, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Present address: Institute for Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, a joint venture between the Medical School Hannover and the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Hannover, Germany.
Biology 2020, 9(2), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9020034
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 12 February 2020 / Accepted: 13 February 2020 / Published: 18 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neutrophil Extracellular Traps)
The discovery, in 2004, of extracellular traps released by neutrophils has extended our understanding of the mode of action of various innate immune cells. This fascinating discovery demonstrated the extracellular trapping and killing of various pathogens by neutrophils. During the last decade, evidence has accumulated showing that extracellular traps play a crucial role in the defence mechanisms of various cell types present in vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants. The aim of this review is to summarise the relevant literature on the evolutionary history of extracellular traps used as a weapon in various kingdoms of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs); defence mechanism; tree of life; innate immunity; conserved mechanisms neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs); defence mechanism; tree of life; innate immunity; conserved mechanisms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Neumann, A.; Brogden, G.; von Köckritz-Blickwede, M. Extracellular Traps: An Ancient Weapon of Multiple Kingdoms. Biology 2020, 9, 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9020034

AMA Style

Neumann A, Brogden G, von Köckritz-Blickwede M. Extracellular Traps: An Ancient Weapon of Multiple Kingdoms. Biology. 2020; 9(2):34. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9020034

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neumann, Ariane, Graham Brogden, and Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede. 2020. "Extracellular Traps: An Ancient Weapon of Multiple Kingdoms" Biology 9, no. 2: 34. https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9020034

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