Next Article in Journal
Agricultural Waste as a Reinforcement Particulate for Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite (AMMCs): A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Mineralogical and Microstructural Features of Namibia Marbles: Insights about Tremolite Related to Natural Asbestos Occurrences
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Corn and Rice Starch-Based Bio-Plastics as Alternative Packaging Materials

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, Tamilnadu 626005, India
2
Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fibers 2019, 7(4), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/fib7040032
Received: 6 January 2019 / Revised: 3 March 2019 / Accepted: 17 March 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Fibers)
  |  
PDF [2206 KB, uploaded 15 April 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Due to the negative environmental impacts of synthetic plastics, the development of biodegradable plastics for both industrial and commercial applications is essential today. Researchers have developed various starch-based composites for different applications. The present work investigates the corn and rice starch-based bioplastics for packaging applications. Various samples of bioplastics are produced, with different compositions of corn and rice starch, glycerol, citric acid, and gelatin. The tensile properties were improved after adding rice starch. However, water absorption and water solubility were reduced. On the basis of these results, the best sample was analyzed for thickness testing, biodegradability properties, SEM, hydrophilicity, thermogravimetric analysis, and sealing properties of bioplastic. The results show the suitability of rice and corn-based thermoplastic starch for packaging applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: corn starch; rice starch; thermoplastic starch; polymers; biodegradability; hydrophilicity corn starch; rice starch; thermoplastic starch; polymers; biodegradability; hydrophilicity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Marichelvam, M.K.; Jawaid, M.; Asim, M. Corn and Rice Starch-Based Bio-Plastics as Alternative Packaging Materials. Fibers 2019, 7, 32.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fibers EISSN 2079-6439 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top