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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(7), 466; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8070466

Role of Mn2+ Doping in the Preparation of Core-Shell Structured Fe3O4@upconversion Nanoparticles and Their Applications in T1/T2-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Upconversion Luminescent Imaging and Near-Infrared Activated Photodynamic Therapy

College of Chemistry & Environment Protection Engineering, Southwest Minzu University, Chengdu 610041, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 21 June 2018 / Accepted: 22 June 2018 / Published: 26 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Nanoparticles in Biological Applications)
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Abstract

Core-shell (C/S) structured upconversion coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) are of great interest due to their potential as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and upconversion luminescent (UCL) imaging agents, as well as near-infrared activated photodynamic therapy (PDT) platforms. When C/S structured Fe3O4@Mn2+-doped NaYF4:Yb/Er NPs were prepared previously, well-defined C/S-NPs could not be formed without the doping of Mn2+ during synthesis. Here, the role of Mn2+ doping on the synthesis of core-shell structured magnetic-upconversion nanoparticles (MUCNPs) is investigated in detail. Core-shell-shell nanoparticles (C/S/S-MUCNPs) with Fe3O4 as the core, an inert layer of Mn2+-doped NaYF4 and an outer shell consisting of Mn2+-doped NaYF4:Yb/Er were prepared. To further develop C/S/S-MUCNPs applications in the biological field, amphiphilic poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene) (C18PMH) modified with amine functionalized methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (C18PMH-mPEG) was used as a capping ligand to modify the surface of C/S/S-MUCNPs to improve biocompatibility. UCL imaging, T1-weighted MRI ascribed to the Mn2+ ions and T2-weighted MRI ascribed to the Fe3O4 core of C/S/S-MUCNPs were then evaluated. Finally, chlorine e6 (Ce6) was loaded on the C/S/S-MUCNPs and the PDT performance of these NPs was explored. Mn2+ doping is an effective method to control the formation of core-shell structured MUCNPs, which would be potential candidate as multifunctional nanoprobes for future T1/T2-weighted MR/UCL imaging and PDT platforms. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mn2+; Fe3O4; upconversion; core-shell-shell; MR/UCL imaging; PDT platforms Mn2+; Fe3O4; upconversion; core-shell-shell; MR/UCL imaging; PDT platforms
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Luo, Y.; Zhang, W.; Liao, Z.; Yang, S.; Yang, S.; Li, X.; Zuo, F.; Luo, J. Role of Mn2+ Doping in the Preparation of Core-Shell Structured Fe3O4@upconversion Nanoparticles and Their Applications in T1/T2-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Upconversion Luminescent Imaging and Near-Infrared Activated Photodynamic Therapy. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 466.

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