Next Article in Journal
Combined Treatments of Magnetic Intra-Lysosomal Hyperthermia with Doxorubicin Promotes Synergistic Anti-Tumoral Activity
Next Article in Special Issue
Atmospheric Pressure Plasma-Mediated Synthesis of Platinum Nanoparticles Stabilized by Poly(vinylpyrrolidone) with Application in Heat Management Systems for Internal Combustion Chambers
Previous Article in Journal
Role of Mn2+ Doping in the Preparation of Core-Shell Structured Fe3O4@upconversion Nanoparticles and Their Applications in T1/T2-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Upconversion Luminescent Imaging and Near-Infrared Activated Photodynamic Therapy
Previous Article in Special Issue
Pulse-Modulated Radio-Frequency Alternating-Current-Driven Atmospheric-Pressure Glow Discharge for Continuous-Flow Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles and Evaluation of Their Cytotoxicity toward Human Melanoma Cells
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(7), 467;

Treatment of Nanocellulose by Submerged Liquid Plasma for Surface Functionalization

Department of Polymer, National Institute for Research and Development in Chemistry and Petrochemistry, 202 Spl. Independentei, 060021 Bucharest, Romania
National Institute for Laser, Plasma and Radiation Physics, Atomistilor 409, Magurele-Bucharest, 077125 Ilfov, Romania
National Institute for Chemical—Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 112 Calea Vitan, 031299 Bucharest, Romania
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2018 / Revised: 22 June 2018 / Accepted: 22 June 2018 / Published: 26 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plasma based Synthesis and Modification of Nanomaterials)
Full-Text   |   PDF [9179 KB, uploaded 27 June 2018]   |  


Tailoring the surface properties of nanocellulose to improve the compatibility of components in polymer nanocomposites is of great interest. In this work, dispersions of nanocellulose in water and acetonitrile were functionalized by submerged plasmas, with the aim of increasing the quality of this reinforcing agent in biopolymer composite materials. Both the morphology and surface chemistry of nanocellulose were influenced by the application of a plasma torch and filamentary jet plasma in a liquid suspension of nanocellulose. Depending on the type of plasma source and gas mixture the surface chemistry was modified by the incorporation of oxygen and nitrogen containing functional groups. The treatment conditions which lead to nanocellulose based polymer nanocomposites with superior mechanical properties were identified. This work provides a new eco-friendly method for the surface functionalization of nanocellulose directly in water suspension, thus overcoming the disadvantages of chemical treatments. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocellulose; plasma treatment; dielectric barrier discharge; submerged liquid plasma; polymer nanocomposite nanocellulose; plasma treatment; dielectric barrier discharge; submerged liquid plasma; polymer nanocomposite

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Panaitescu, D.M.; Vizireanu, S.; Nicolae, C.A.; Frone, A.N.; Casarica, A.; Carpen, L.G.; Dinescu, G. Treatment of Nanocellulose by Submerged Liquid Plasma for Surface Functionalization. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 467.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nanomaterials EISSN 2079-4991 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top