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Review

Nanoporous Silicon as a Green, High-Tech Educational Tool

1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA
2
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jeonghun Kim and Alexander Kromka
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(2), 553; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11020553
Received: 27 December 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 23 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Synthesis of Nanomaterials and Its Applications)
Pedagogical tools are needed that link multidisciplinary nanoscience and technology (NST) to multiple state-of-the-art applications, including those requiring new fabrication routes relying on green synthesis. These can both educate and motivate the next generation of entrepreneurial NST scientists to create innovative products whilst protecting the environment and resources. Nanoporous silicon shows promise as such a tool as it can be fabricated from plants and waste materials, but also embodies many key educational concepts and key industrial uses identified for NST. Specific mechanical, thermal, and optical properties become highly tunable through nanoporosity. We also describe exceptional properties for nanostructured silicon like medical biodegradability and efficient light emission that open up new functionality for this semiconductor. Examples of prior lecture courses and potential laboratory projects are provided, based on the author’s experiences in academic chemistry and physics departments in the USA and UK, together with industrial R&D in the medical, food, and consumer-care sectors. Nanoporous silicon-based lessons that engage students in the basics of entrepreneurship can also readily be identified, including idea generation, intellectual property, and clinical translation of nanomaterial products. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanoporous; silicon; green chemistry; sustainability; education; entrepreneurship nanoporous; silicon; green chemistry; sustainability; education; entrepreneurship
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MDPI and ACS Style

Coffer, J.L.; Canham, L.T. Nanoporous Silicon as a Green, High-Tech Educational Tool. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11020553

AMA Style

Coffer JL, Canham LT. Nanoporous Silicon as a Green, High-Tech Educational Tool. Nanomaterials. 2021; 11(2):553. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11020553

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coffer, Jeffery L., and Leigh T. Canham 2021. "Nanoporous Silicon as a Green, High-Tech Educational Tool" Nanomaterials 11, no. 2: 553. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11020553

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