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Light-Activated Heterostructured Nanomaterials for Antibacterial Applications

1
International Ph.D. Program in Biomedical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
2
Department of Chemistry, Tunghai University, Taichung 40704, Taiwan
3
Center for Science and Technology, Tunghai University, Taichung 40704, Taiwan
4
Dharma Husada Nursing Academy, Kediri, East Java 64114, Indonesia
5
Department of Electrical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
6
University Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Surabaya 60111, Indonesia
7
Graduate Institute of Nanomedicine and Medical Engineering, College of Biomedical Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(4), 643; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10040643
Received: 2 March 2020 / Revised: 23 March 2020 / Accepted: 27 March 2020 / Published: 30 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanobiophotonics, Photomedicine, and Imaging)
An outbreak of a bacterial contagion is a critical threat for human health worldwide. Recently, light-activated heterostructured nanomaterials (LAHNs) have shown potential as antibacterial agents, owing to their unique structural and optical properties. Many investigations have revealed that heterostructured nanomaterials are potential antibacterial agents under light irradiation. In this review, we summarize recent developments of light-activated antibacterial agents using heterostructured nanomaterials and specifically categorized those agents based on their various light harvesters. The detailed antibacterial mechanisms are also addressed. With the achievements of LAHNs as antibacterial agents, we further discuss the challenges and opportunities for their future clinical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: heterostructured nanomaterial; antibacterial agent; antibacterial mechanism; reactive oxygen species; light-activated; synergistic effect heterostructured nanomaterial; antibacterial agent; antibacterial mechanism; reactive oxygen species; light-activated; synergistic effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mutalik, C.; Wang, D.-Y.; Krisnawati, D.I.; Jazidie, A.; Yougbare, S.; Kuo, T.-R. Light-Activated Heterostructured Nanomaterials for Antibacterial Applications. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 643.

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