Electrospun Polycaprolactone Fibrous Membranes Containing Ag, TiO2 and Na2Ti6O13 Particles for Potential Use in Bone Regeneration
AbstractBiocompatible and biodegradable membrane treatments for regeneration of bone are nowadays a promising solution in the medical field. Bioresorbable polymers are extensively used in membrane elaboration, where polycaprolactone (PCL) is used as base polymer. The goal of this work was to improve electrospun membranes’ biocompatibility and antibacterial properties by adding micro- and nanoparticles such as Ag, TiO2 and Na2Ti6O13. Micro/nanofiber morphologies of the obtained membranes were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and a tensile test. Also, for this study optical microscopy was used to observe DAPI-stained cells. Membranes of the different systems were electrospun to an average diameter of 1.02–1.76 μm. To evaluate the biological properties, cell viability was studied by growing NIH/3T3 cells on the microfibers. PCL/TiO2 strength was enhanced from 0.6 MPa to 6.3 MPa in comparison with PCL without particles. Antibacterial activity was observed in PCL/TiO2 and PCL/Na2Ti6O13 electrospun membranes using Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Bioactivity of the membranes was confirmed with simulated body fluid (SBF) treatment. From this study, the ceramic particles TiO2 and Na2Ti6O13, combined with a PCL matrix with micro/nanoparticles, enhanced cell proliferation, adhesion and antibacterial properties. The electrospun composite with Na2Ti6O13 can be considered viable for tissue regenerative processes. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 1183 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Ramírez-Cedillo, E.; Ortega-Lara, W.; Rocha-Pizaña, M.R.; Gutierrez-Uribe, J.A.; Elías-Zúñiga, A.; Rodríguez, C.A. Electrospun Polycaprolactone Fibrous Membranes Containing Ag, TiO2 and Na2Ti6O13 Particles for Potential Use in Bone Regeneration. Membranes 2019, 9, 12.
Ramírez-Cedillo E, Ortega-Lara W, Rocha-Pizaña MR, Gutierrez-Uribe JA, Elías-Zúñiga A, Rodríguez CA. Electrospun Polycaprolactone Fibrous Membranes Containing Ag, TiO2 and Na2Ti6O13 Particles for Potential Use in Bone Regeneration. Membranes. 2019; 9(1):12.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ramírez-Cedillo, Erick; Ortega-Lara, Wendy; Rocha-Pizaña, María R.; Gutierrez-Uribe, Janet A.; Elías-Zúñiga, Alex; Rodríguez, Ciro A. 2019. "Electrospun Polycaprolactone Fibrous Membranes Containing Ag, TiO2 and Na2Ti6O13 Particles for Potential Use in Bone Regeneration." Membranes 9, no. 1: 12.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.