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Open AccessArticle

Nutrients, Antinutrients, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Activity of Common Bean Cultivars and their Potential for Food Applications

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Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD-CITAB), 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
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Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária, I.P. (INIAV), Av. da República, Quinta do Marquês, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal
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GREEN-IT, ITQB NOVA, Av. da República, 2780-157 Oeiras, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(2), 186; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9020186
Received: 22 January 2020 / Revised: 17 February 2020 / Accepted: 21 February 2020 / Published: 23 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Natural and Synthetic Antioxidants)
Phaseolus vulgaris L. is the most commonly consumed legume in the world, given its high vegetable protein content, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant properties. It also represents one of the most sustainable, low-carbon and sources of food available at present to man. This study aims to identify the nutrients, antinutrients, phenolic composition, and antioxidant profile of 10 common bean cultivars (Arikara yellow, butter, cranberry, red kidney, navy, pinto, black, brown eyed, pink eyed, and tarrestre) from two harvest years, thereby assessing the potential of each cultivar for specific applications in the food industry. Navy and pink eyed beans showed higher potential for enrichment of foodstuffs and gluten-free products due to their higher protein and amino acid contents. Additionally, red kidney, cranberry and Arikara yellow beans had the highest content of phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties, which can act as functional ingredients in food products, thus bringing health benefits. Our study highlights the potential of using specific bean cultivars in the development of nutrient-enriched food and as functional ingredients in diets designed for disease prevention and treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Phaseolus vulgaris L.; protein; amino acids; phytochemicals; antioxidants Phaseolus vulgaris L.; protein; amino acids; phytochemicals; antioxidants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carbas, B.; Machado, N.; Oppolzer, D.; Ferreira, L.; Queiroz, M.; Brites, C.; Rosa, E.A.; Barros, A.I. Nutrients, Antinutrients, Phenolic Composition, and Antioxidant Activity of Common Bean Cultivars and their Potential for Food Applications. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 186.

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