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Dyslexia: Still Not a Neurodevelopmental Disorder
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Open AccessOpinion

Dyslexia as a Neurodevelopmental Disorder and What Makes It Different from a Chess Disorder

Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Postbus 15916 1001 NK Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Rudolf Berlin Center, 44401 Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Psychiatric Hospital, University of Zurich, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland
Neuroscience Center Zurich, University of Zurich and ETH Zurich, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
RID, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2018, 8(10), 189;
Received: 21 September 2018 / Revised: 10 October 2018 / Accepted: 18 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and Related Developmental Disorders)
The convenience of referring to dyslexia as a neurodevelopmental disorder has been repeatedly brought into question. In this opinion article, we argue in favor of the current diagnosis of dyslexia based on the criteria of harm and dysfunction. We discuss the favorable clinical and educational outcomes of a neuroscience-informed approach of dyslexia as a disorder. Furthermore, we discuss insights derived from neuroimaging studies and their importance to address problems related to developmental dyslexia. View Full-Text
Keywords: dyslexia; disorder; neurodevelopmental dyslexia; disorder; neurodevelopmental
MDPI and ACS Style

Fraga González, G.; Karipidis, I.I.; Tijms, J. Dyslexia as a Neurodevelopmental Disorder and What Makes It Different from a Chess Disorder. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 189.

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