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Open AccessArticle

Study of the Compression Behavior of Steel-Fiber Reinforced Concrete by Means of the Response Surface Methodology

ETS de Ingenieros de Caminos, C. y P., Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Av. Camilo José Cela s/n, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain
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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(24), 5330; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9245330
Received: 28 October 2019 / Revised: 30 November 2019 / Accepted: 2 December 2019 / Published: 6 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fiber-Reinforced Concrete)
The compression behavior of steel-fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) has been addressed exhaustively in recent decades thereby highlighting a variety of differences with regard to the effect that the addition of fiber has on it. In this paper, a detailed study of the subject is developed for which a database has been created, which includes 197 tests performed on cylindrical concrete specimens with dimensions of 150 × 300 mm 2 (diameter × height). By means of the response surface methodology, we disclose the relationship that exists between the geometric parameters of the fiber (length, diameter, and aspect ratio), their amount (fraction in volume), and some matrix parameters (compression resistance and maximum size of coarse aggregate) with the different compression responses of the SFRC, which are strength, elastic modulus, critical deformation under maximum load, and the volumetric deformation work in the pre- and post-peak branch. Linear polynomial models are chosen to adjust each response with the defined factors, and said variables are studied in a dimensional and non-dimensional format. From the results obtained, it is verified how the inclusion of steel-fibers produces notable improvements in ductility and the energy absorption capacity of the concrete when significantly increasing the works of volumetric deformation in the pre- and post-peak branch with respect to the matrix without fibers. In addition, a new model is analyzed, which describes the stress–strain curve of the compression behavior of the SFRC based on the increase of ductility and energy absorption. This model is characterized by a softening branch subsequent to the peak load determined by means of the residual compressive strength, a parameter that corresponds to the value of the compressive stress associated with a strain equal to three times that of the peak of the curve, which is significantly dependent on the aspect ratio and fiber content. View Full-Text
Keywords: steel-fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC); compressive ductility; response surface methodology (RSM); compression behavior model of the SFRC; residual compressive strength steel-fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC); compressive ductility; response surface methodology (RSM); compression behavior model of the SFRC; residual compressive strength
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de la Rosa, Á.; Ruiz, G.; Poveda, E. Study of the Compression Behavior of Steel-Fiber Reinforced Concrete by Means of the Response Surface Methodology. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5330.

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