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Capability of the Direct Dimethyl Ether Synthesis Process for the Conversion of Carbon Dioxide

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain
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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(5), 677; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8050677
Received: 21 March 2018 / Revised: 23 April 2018 / Accepted: 23 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Capture Utilization and Sequestration (CCUS))
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Abstract

The direct synthesis of dimethyl ether (DME) is an ideal process to achieve the environmental objective of CO2 conversion together with the economic objective of DME production. The effect of the reaction conditions (temperature, pressure, space time) and feed composition (ternary mixtures of H2 + CO + CO2 with different CO2/CO and H2/COx molar ratios) on the reaction indices (COx conversion, product yield and selectivity, CO2 conversion) has been studied by means of experiments carried out in a fixed-bed reactor, with a CuO-ZnO-MnO/SAPO-18 catalyst, in order to establish suitable ranges of operating conditions for enhancing the individual objectives of CO2 conversion and DME yield. The optimums of these two objectives are achieved in opposite conditions, and for striking a good balance between both objectives, the following conditions are suitable: 275–300 °C; 20–30 bar; 2.5–5 gcat h (molC)−1 and a H2/COx molar ratio in the feed of 3. CO2/CO molar ratio in the feed is of great importance. Ratios below 1/3 are suitable for enhancing DME production, whereas CO2/CO ratios above 1 improve the conversion of CO2. This conversion of CO2 in the overall process of DME synthesis is favored by the reverse water gas shift equation, since CO is more active than CO2 in the methanol synthesis reaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 utilization; STD process; syngas; dimethyl ether; bifunctional catalyst; SAPO-18 CO2 utilization; STD process; syngas; dimethyl ether; bifunctional catalyst; SAPO-18
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ateka, A.; Ereña, J.; Sánchez-Contador, M.; Perez-Uriarte, P.; Bilbao, J.; Aguayo, A.T. Capability of the Direct Dimethyl Ether Synthesis Process for the Conversion of Carbon Dioxide. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 677.

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