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Open AccessArticle

Preventive and Proactive Coping with Bad Weather in Outdoor Sports: A Measurement Proposal

1
Department of Psychology, University of Szczecin, 71-017 Szczecin, Poland
2
Department of Sociology, Pomeranian University, 76-200 Słupsk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(4), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10040080
Received: 18 March 2020 / Revised: 21 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 24 April 2020
This article presents the Proactive and Preventive Coping with Bad Weather in Outdoor Sports Scale, a tool for diagnosing future oriented coping with bad weather in outdoor sports. A study of the psychometric properties of the Proactive and Preventive Coping with Bad Weather in Outdoor Sports Scale was conducted, with an exploratory and a confirmatory factor analysis being carried out. The first set of data (N = 326) was analysed by exploratory factor analysis, and the second set of data (N = 183) was analysed by confirmatory factor analysis. The results of factor analyses verified the two-factor structure. The Proactive and Preventive Coping with Bad Weather in Outdoor Sports Scale showed satisfactory internal consistency. The coefficient alpha reliabilities were 0.81 for the Preventive scale, and 0.80 for the Proactive scale. The divergent and convergent validity of the Preventive and Proactive Coping in Outdoor Sports Scale was indicated by correlations with scales of coping, general self-efficacy, sensation seeking and the personality NEO-FFI. The results indicate that the Proactive and Preventive Coping with Bad Weather in Outdoor Sports Scale is a valid and reliable instrument. View Full-Text
Keywords: coping; outdoor sports; weather coping; outdoor sports; weather
MDPI and ACS Style

Próchniak, P.; Próchniak, A. Preventive and Proactive Coping with Bad Weather in Outdoor Sports: A Measurement Proposal. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 80.

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