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Pathogens 2018, 7(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens7020039

Cerebrospinal Fluid Concentrations of Biogenic Amines: Potential Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Bacterial and Viral Meningitis

Department of Microbiology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
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Received: 1 March 2018 / Revised: 2 April 2018 / Accepted: 8 April 2018 / Published: 13 April 2018
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Abstract

Catecholamine and serotonin are biogenic amines (BAs) that serve as neurotransmitters and play an important role in the regulation of cardinal functions that are mainly altered during central nervous system (CNS) infections. A total 92 samples of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were classified into 4 groups based on their etiology. In these samples, BAs/neurotransmitters i.e., dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5HIAA) were detected and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC) to determine the neurophysiology of the CNS infections by bacteria (Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) and Neisseria meningitidis (Nm)) and herpes simplex virus (HSV). CSF concentration of DA, DOPAC, HVA, and 5HIAA were found significantly elevated in all test cohorts. Present study highlights that the analysis of BAs is pivotal for the early diagnosis of bacterial and viral meningitis. In addition, coinfections of varied etiology can also be diagnosed by their quantification. Thus, BAs can serve as potential biomarkers of these CNS infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: biogenic amines; bacterial meningitis; viral meningitis; cerebrospinal fluid; HPLC-EC; central nervous system; diagnosis biogenic amines; bacterial meningitis; viral meningitis; cerebrospinal fluid; HPLC-EC; central nervous system; diagnosis
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Taj, A.; Jamil, N. Cerebrospinal Fluid Concentrations of Biogenic Amines: Potential Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Bacterial and Viral Meningitis. Pathogens 2018, 7, 39.

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