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Strength and Fracture Toughness of Hardox-400 Steel

Department of Machine Design, Faculty of Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering, Kielce University of Technology, Al. 1000-lecia PP 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
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Metals 2019, 9(5), 508; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9050508
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 25 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High-Strength Low-Alloy Steels)
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Abstract

This paper presents results of strength and fracture toughness properties of low-carbon high-strength Hardox-400 steel. Experimental tests were carried out for specimens of different thickness at wide temperature range from −100 to 20 °C. The dependences of the characteristic of material strength and fracture toughness on temperature based on experimental data are shown. Numerical calculation of the stress and strain distributions in area before crack tip using the finite element method (FEM) was done. Based on results of numerical calculation and observation of the fracture surfaces by scanning electron microscope (SEM), the critical local stress level at which brittle fracture takes place was assessed. Consideration of the levels of stress and strain in the analysis of the metal state at the tip of the crack allowed to justify the occurrence of the brittle-to-ductile fracture mechanism. On the basis of the results of stretch zone width measurements and stress components, the values of fracture toughness at the moment of crack initiation were calculated. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hardox-400 steel; strength properties; fracture toughness; critical local stress level Hardox-400 steel; strength properties; fracture toughness; critical local stress level
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Dzioba, I.; Pała, R. Strength and Fracture Toughness of Hardox-400 Steel. Metals 2019, 9, 508.

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