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High-Temperature Reduction and Melting Mechanism of Sinter with Different MgO Content

School of Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
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Metals 2019, 9(5), 510; https://doi.org/10.3390/met9050510
Received: 28 March 2019 / Revised: 23 April 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 30 April 2019
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Abstract

Adding MgO to sinter is considered to be a popular counter measure to cope with the use of high Al2O3 ores. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of the MgO content on the reduction melting behavior in order to clarify the main mechanism of melting and dripping under simulated blast furnace (BF) conditions. It was found that reduction behavior was inhibited with an increased MgO content; the reduction mechanism was further investigated by means of XRD, SEM, and kinetic analysis. The influence of MgO on the melting mechanism of high basicity sinter was also studied. The softening start temperature and softening temperature increased, and the softening zone increased as a whole with the increased MgO contents from 1.3 to 2.0 wt%. The melting temperature was similar, because the MgO remained in an unslagged state and existed in wustite as FeO-MgO solid solution. The dripping temperature was increased; the main reason for this was that high melting-point slags appeared, and that it was more difficult for carburization to occur with increased MgO content. The most appropriate MgO content in the sinter was 1.3 wt% according to principal component analysis (PCA). View Full-Text
Keywords: sinter; MgO; reduction mechanism; melting mechanism; principal component analysis sinter; MgO; reduction mechanism; melting mechanism; principal component analysis
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Guo, H.; Shen, F.; Zhang, H.; Gao, Q.; Jiang, X. High-Temperature Reduction and Melting Mechanism of Sinter with Different MgO Content. Metals 2019, 9, 510.

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