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Metals 2018, 8(6), 375; https://doi.org/10.3390/met8060375

Thermomechanical Grain Refinement in AA6082-T6 Thin Plates under Bobbin Friction Stir Welding

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
2
Advanced Manufacturing Centre, Fakulti Kejuruteraan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 March 2018 / Revised: 16 May 2018 / Accepted: 18 May 2018 / Published: 23 May 2018
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Abstract

Bobbin friction stir welding (BFSW), with its fully penetrated pin and double-sided shoulder, can provide high rates of heat generation. This produces solid-state thermo-mechanical grain refinement. In this paper, the microstructure evolution of the welded joints of AA6082-T6 obtained using BFSW process was investigated with a focus on grain refinement. Two sheets of the AA6082-T6 alloy were butt-welded with a fixed-gap bobbin tool. The microstructure at a mid-weld transverse cross-section was evaluated using optical microscopy and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Significant grain refinement was observed, with a decrease in grain size from 100 μm in directional columnar grain morphology of the base metal, to an ultrafine size—less than 10 μm—for the equiaxed grains in the stirring zone. The EBSD results showed that with BFSW processing, secondary phase precipitation patterns were produced that are distinct from the primary artificial age-hardening precipitates created by the T6 tempering cycle. The severe plastic deformation and heat generation appear to accelerate dynamic recrystallization and precipitation during the BFSW process. The microstructural studies confirmed that the BFSW process can provide a highly efficient thermodynamically activated grain refinement in the solid-state without requiring additional processes such as heat treatment or external means of grain refinement. View Full-Text
Keywords: bobbin friction stir welding; AA6082-T6; grain refinement; dynamic recrystallization; precipitation; EBSD; stir zone; microstructure bobbin friction stir welding; AA6082-T6; grain refinement; dynamic recrystallization; precipitation; EBSD; stir zone; microstructure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Tamadon, A.; Pons, D.J.; Sued, K.; Clucas, D. Thermomechanical Grain Refinement in AA6082-T6 Thin Plates under Bobbin Friction Stir Welding. Metals 2018, 8, 375.

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