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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Health and Sociodemographic Differences between Individual and Team Sport Participants

1
School of Public Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154 USA
2
College of Education, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
3
School of Allied Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sports 2019, 7(6), 150; https://doi.org/10.3390/sports7060150
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 17 June 2019 / Accepted: 18 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intersection of Sport, Physical Activity and Human Health)
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PDF [211 KB, uploaded 21 June 2019]

Abstract

Physical activity (PA) has been widely recognized as an avenue to improve health. Researchers have also found better health outcomes among adults who participate in sport when compared to adults who participate in other forms of PA. However, little is known about the health differences between those who participate in individual versus team sport. The purpose of the study was to identify differences in chronic diseases, conditions, or risk factors between individual and team sport participants. This study was a secondary analysis of data from the national Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey conducted in 2017. PA that was identified as sport was further categorized as an individual or a team sport. Odds and adjusted odds ratios for chronic diseases based on sport category were calculated using logistic regression. There were significant differences in all sociodemographic characteristics between the groups. Those who participated in team sport did so for more minutes and at a higher intensity and were less likely to report several chronic diseases/conditions. However, after controlling for sociodemographic differences between groups, only depression, general health, and smoking remained significant. The social aspect of team sport may be protective against depression but may also influence unhealthy behaviors such as smoking. View Full-Text
Keywords: individual sport; team sport; chronic diseases; Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System individual sport; team sport; chronic diseases; Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Pharr, J.R.; Lough, N.L.; Terencio, M.A. Health and Sociodemographic Differences between Individual and Team Sport Participants. Sports 2019, 7, 150.

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