Sex Ratio of Small Hive Beetles: The Role of Pupation and Adult Longevity
AbstractThe sex ratio of sexually reproducing animal species tends to be 1:1, which is known as Fisher’s principle. However, differential mortality and intraspecific competition during pupation can result in a biased adult sex ratio in insects. The female-biased sex ratio of small hive beetles (SHBs) is known from both laboratory and field studies, but the underlying reasons are not well understood. Here, we used laboratory mass and individual pupation to test if differential mortality between sexes and/or intraspecific interactions can explain this sex ratio. The data show a significant female-biased adult sex ratio in both mass and individual rearing, even when assuming that all dead individuals were males. Our results therefore suggest that neither differential mortality during pupation nor intraspecific interactions are likely to explain the female-biased sex ratio of freshly emerged adult SHBs. We regard it as more likely that either competition during the larval feeding stage or genetic mechanisms are involved. In addition, we compared our data with previously published data on the sex ratio of both freshly emerged and field-collected SHBs to investigate possible gender differences in adult longevity. The data show a significantly greater female bias in the sex ratio upon emergence, compared to field-collected SHBs, suggesting that adult females have a shorter longevity. View Full-Text
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Papach, A.; Gonthier, J.; Williams, G.R.; Neumann, P. Sex Ratio of Small Hive Beetles: The Role of Pupation and Adult Longevity. Insects 2019, 10, 133.
Papach A, Gonthier J, Williams GR, Neumann P. Sex Ratio of Small Hive Beetles: The Role of Pupation and Adult Longevity. Insects. 2019; 10(5):133.Chicago/Turabian Style
Papach, Anna; Gonthier, Jérémy; Williams, Geoffrey R.; Neumann, Peter. 2019. "Sex Ratio of Small Hive Beetles: The Role of Pupation and Adult Longevity." Insects 10, no. 5: 133.
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