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Article

Vibration-Controlled Transient Elastography and Controlled Attenuation Parameter for the Diagnosis of Liver Steatosis and Fibrosis in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
2
St. Spiridon Emergency Hospital, 700115 Iasi, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kazushi Numata
Diagnostics 2021, 11(5), 787; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050787
Received: 25 March 2021 / Revised: 12 April 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 27 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics)
Vibration-Controlled Transient Elastography (VCTE) with Controlled Attenuation Parameter (CAP) is a widely used non-invasive technique for concomitant assessment of liver steatosis and fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to evaluate the level both of hepatic steatosis and fibrosis as well as the associated risk factors in patients referred to our unit with clinically suspected NAFLD or diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography. Two hundred four patients were prospectively included in this study and assessed by VCTE with CAP. The final analysis included 181 patients with reliable liver stiffness measurements (LSMs) (53% female, mean age 57.62 ± 11.8 years and BMI 29.48 ± 4.85 kg/m2). According to the cut-off values for steatosis grading, there were 10 (5.5%) patients without steatosis (S0), 30 (16.6%) with mild (S1), 45 (24.9%) moderate (S2), and 96 (53%) severe (S3) steatosis. Based on LSM, there were 73 (40.3%) patients without fibrosis (F0), 42 (23.2%) with mild (F1), 32 (17.7%) significant (F2), 19 (10.5%) advanced (F3) fibrosis, and 15 (8.3%) with cirrhosis (F4). In addition, we found an association between several metabolic components and hepatic steatosis and fibrosis. Thus, in the multivariate analysis, higher BMI, fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and serum uric were associated with increased CAP. Furthermore, higher serum uric acid and alpha-fetoprotein together with lower platelets count and albumin levels were associated with increased LSM. The assessment of steatosis and fibrosis using VCTE and CAP should be performed in all patients with suspected or previously diagnosed NAFLD in units with available facilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: NAFLD; fibrosis; steatosis; CAP NAFLD; fibrosis; steatosis; CAP
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zenovia, S.; Stanciu, C.; Sfarti, C.; Singeap, A.-M.; Cojocariu, C.; Girleanu, I.; Dimache, M.; Chiriac, S.; Muzica, C.M.; Nastasa, R.; Huiban, L.; Cuciureanu, T.; Trifan, A. Vibration-Controlled Transient Elastography and Controlled Attenuation Parameter for the Diagnosis of Liver Steatosis and Fibrosis in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Diagnostics 2021, 11, 787. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050787

AMA Style

Zenovia S, Stanciu C, Sfarti C, Singeap A-M, Cojocariu C, Girleanu I, Dimache M, Chiriac S, Muzica CM, Nastasa R, Huiban L, Cuciureanu T, Trifan A. Vibration-Controlled Transient Elastography and Controlled Attenuation Parameter for the Diagnosis of Liver Steatosis and Fibrosis in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Diagnostics. 2021; 11(5):787. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050787

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zenovia, Sebastian, Carol Stanciu, Catalin Sfarti, Ana-Maria Singeap, Camelia Cojocariu, Irina Girleanu, Mihaela Dimache, Stefan Chiriac, Cristina M. Muzica, Robert Nastasa, Laura Huiban, Tudor Cuciureanu, and Anca Trifan. 2021. "Vibration-Controlled Transient Elastography and Controlled Attenuation Parameter for the Diagnosis of Liver Steatosis and Fibrosis in Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease" Diagnostics 11, no. 5: 787. https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics11050787

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