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Minerals 2019, 9(1), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/min9010060

Increased As Adsorption on Maghemite-Containing Red Mud Prepared by the Alkali Fusion-Leaching Method

Department of Non-ferrous Metals Metallurgy, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg 620002, Russia
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Received: 20 December 2018 / Revised: 16 January 2019 / Accepted: 17 January 2019 / Published: 20 January 2019
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Abstract

This study investigates the use of red muds as adsorbents for As (V) removal. Red mud is a waste that contains a large amount of iron oxides and hydroxides, which are excellent adsorbents of arsenic, especially those possessing magnetic properties and a large specific surface area. The purpose of the experiments was to study the possibility of obtaining an effective adsorbent by the direct extraction of alumina from bauxite using the caustic alkali fusion method and to compare the arsenic removal effectiveness and other properties of these red muds with industrial samples. Red muds were described using methods such as X-ray diffraction spectrometry (XRD), X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), SEM, vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method. The main iron-containing phase of the red muds obtained by fusing bauxite with caustic alkali is maghemite, which has a large specific surface area. The specific surface area of the obtained samples varied in the range of 6.1–54.9 m2/g. Arsenic adsorption experiments were carried out using five different types of red muds: industrial Bayer, industrial sintering, and red mud obtained through bauxite alkali fusion at 300, 500, and 700 °C. The red muds obtained by fusing bauxite with caustic alkali at 300 and 500 °C had the highest effectiveness removing arsenic; their As(V) uptake capacity was over 30 mg/g. View Full-Text
Keywords: arsenate; adsorption; red mud; alkali fusion-leaching; bauxite; maghemite; magnetic nanoparticles arsenate; adsorption; red mud; alkali fusion-leaching; bauxite; maghemite; magnetic nanoparticles
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Shoppert, A.A.; Loginova, I.V.; Rogozhnikov, D.A.; Karimov, K.A.; Chaikin, L.I. Increased As Adsorption on Maghemite-Containing Red Mud Prepared by the Alkali Fusion-Leaching Method. Minerals 2019, 9, 60.

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