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Communication

Isotopic Signatures as an Indicator of Long-Term Water-Use Efficiency of Haloxylon Plantations on the Dried Aral Sea Bed

1
Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-Ro, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Division of Restoration Research, National Institute of Ecology, Yeongyang 36531, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(1), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12010099
Received: 23 November 2019 / Revised: 25 December 2019 / Accepted: 25 December 2019 / Published: 27 December 2019
The desiccation of the Aral Sea due to water withdrawal from contributing rivers has resulted in an unprecedented change in the region’s climate, from maritime to hot dry desert. Afforestation has been implemented on the desiccated seafloor—the Aralkum Desert—for stabilizing the exposed substrate. However, studies on the long-term status of the afforested sites are limited. Here, we examined C and N isotopic signatures in Haloxylon aphyllum plantations, as indicators of time-integrated plant response to the prevalent water and salinity constraints, in northern Aralkum, Kazakhstan. Foliar 13C composition analysis in a chronosequence of H. aphyllum plantation sites (aged 1–27 years) on the sandy substrate revealed a significant trend towards higher water-use efficiency in older plantations, possibly in response to declining water availability. A lack of correlation between plant 13C signature and soil electrical conductivity suggests no history of salt stress despite the saline environment. Furthermore, 15N enrichment in plant tissue in the water-limited Aralkum ecosystem indicates the relative openness of N cycling. There was an increase in species richness and self-propagation at the plot scale, indicating successful afforestation effort. Coupled with other approaches, isotope discrimination might elucidate mechanisms underlying stress tolerance in H. aphyllum, which could support the afforestation efforts. View Full-Text
Keywords: afforestation; Aralkum; Central Asia; saksaul; 13C; 15N afforestation; Aralkum; Central Asia; saksaul; 13C; 15N
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khamzina, A.; An, J.; Chang, H.; Son, Y. Isotopic Signatures as an Indicator of Long-Term Water-Use Efficiency of Haloxylon Plantations on the Dried Aral Sea Bed. Water 2020, 12, 99. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12010099

AMA Style

Khamzina A, An J, Chang H, Son Y. Isotopic Signatures as an Indicator of Long-Term Water-Use Efficiency of Haloxylon Plantations on the Dried Aral Sea Bed. Water. 2020; 12(1):99. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12010099

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khamzina, Asia; An, Jiae; Chang, Hanna; Son, Yowhan. 2020. "Isotopic Signatures as an Indicator of Long-Term Water-Use Efficiency of Haloxylon Plantations on the Dried Aral Sea Bed" Water 12, no. 1: 99. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12010099

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