Next Article in Journal
Impacts of Artificial Regulation on Karst Spring Hydrograph in Northern China: Laboratory Study and Numerical Simulations
Previous Article in Journal
Are Groundwater Monitoring Networks Economical? Cost-Benefit Analysis on the Long-Term Groundwater Supply Project of South Korea
Previous Article in Special Issue
Spatial and Temporal Variation of Dissolved Heavy Metals in the Mun River, Northeast Thailand
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2019, 11(4), 754; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040754

Groundwater Quality Assessment in a Volcanic Mountain Range (South of Gran Canaria Island, Spain)

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain
2
Department of Process Engineering, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Gran Canaria, Spain
3
Department of Chemistry, University of La Laguna, P.O. Box 456, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
4
Department of Electronic and Automatic Engineering, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 11 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Chemistry of Water Quality Monitoring)
PDF [1740 KB, uploaded 11 April 2019]

Abstract

The lack of rainfall in the Canary Islands’ Archipelago is leading to the depletion of the existing aquifers throughout the islands, above all in the easternmost isles (Gran Canaria, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura). Due to the increasing water demand in the southern area of the Island of Gran Canaria, appropriate planning has become necessary in order to avoid the depletion of the phreatic water resources that can be found there. One of the most affected areas is the Amurga Mountain Range, where the existing aquifers are depleted, as shown in the Hydrological Plan of Gran Canaria. The aim of this study was to characterize the hydrochemistry of the above-mentioned groundwater bodies. Water quality monitoring was carried out over a period of five years, involving the survey of a total of 288 samples (over 4300 tests). The water from those aquifers has the characteristic of being fairly mineralized, with a prevalence of Cl, Ca2+ and Na+ ions, salinity levels reaching 8646 mg/L, and chloride levels up to 4200 mg/L. The waters of these aquifers can be divided into two basic types, i.e., those containing high levels of sodium chloride, which can be found around the Tirajana Gorge; and the waters rich in magnesium chloride and sodium sulfate in the Arguineguín Gorge, as well as in the Amurga Massif itself.
Keywords: hydrochemistry; volcanic aquifer; aquifer overexploitation; Amurga Massif; Canary Islands hydrochemistry; volcanic aquifer; aquifer overexploitation; Amurga Massif; Canary Islands
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-García, A.; Carrascosa-Chisvert, M.; Mena, V.; Souto, R.; Santana, J.; Nuez, I. Groundwater Quality Assessment in a Volcanic Mountain Range (South of Gran Canaria Island, Spain). Water 2019, 11, 754.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top