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Genes 2019, 10(2), 79; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes10020079

Genome Assembly and Annotation of the Trichoplusia ni Tni-FNL Insect Cell Line Enabled by Long-Read Technologies

1
Advanced Biomedical Computational Science, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21701, USA
2
Cancer Research Technology Program, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21701, USA
3
NCI RAS Initiative, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21701, USA
4
Comparative Molecular Cytogenetics Core Facility, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21701, USA
5
Bionano Genomics, San Diego, CA 92121, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 9 January 2019 / Accepted: 14 January 2019 / Published: 23 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Single Molecule, Real-Time (SMRT) Sequencing)
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Abstract

Background: Trichoplusia ni derived cell lines are commonly used to enable recombinant protein expression via baculovirus infection to generate materials approved for clinical use and in clinical trials. In order to develop systems biology and genome engineering tools to improve protein expression in this host, we performed de novo genome assembly of the Trichoplusia ni-derived cell line Tni-FNL. Methods: By integration of PacBio single-molecule sequencing, Bionano optical mapping, and 10X Genomics linked-reads data, we have produced a draft genome assembly of Tni-FNL. Results: Our assembly contains 280 scaffolds, with a N50 scaffold size of 2.3 Mb and a total length of 359 Mb. Annotation of the Tni-FNL genome resulted in 14,101 predicted genes and 93.2% of the predicted proteome contained recognizable protein domains. Ortholog searches within the superorder Holometabola provided further evidence of high accuracy and completeness of the Tni-FNL genome assembly. Conclusions: This first draft Tni-FNL genome assembly was enabled by complementary long-read technologies and represents a high-quality, well-annotated genome that provides novel insight into the complexity of this insect cell line and can serve as a reference for future large-scale genome engineering work in this and other similar recombinant protein production hosts. View Full-Text
Keywords: de novo assembly; PacBio single molecule real-time sequencing; Tricoplusia ni; insect genome; next generation sequencing; optical mapping de novo assembly; PacBio single molecule real-time sequencing; Tricoplusia ni; insect genome; next generation sequencing; optical mapping
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Talsania, K.; Mehta, M.; Raley, C.; Kriga, Y.; Gowda, S.; Grose, C.; Drew, M.; Roberts, V.; Cheng, K.T.; Burkett, S.; Oeser, S.; Stephens, R.; Soppet, D.; Chen, X.; Kumar, P.; German, O.; Smirnova, T.; Hautman, C.; Shetty, J.; Tran, B.; Zhao, Y.; Esposito, D. Genome Assembly and Annotation of the Trichoplusia ni Tni-FNL Insect Cell Line Enabled by Long-Read Technologies. Genes 2019, 10, 79.

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