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Cells 2018, 7(9), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells7090134

Integration of miRNA and mRNA Co-Expression Reveals Potential Regulatory Roles of miRNAs in Developmental and Immunological Processes in Calf Ileum during Early Growth

1
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Sherbrooke Research and Development Centre, Sherbrooke, QC J1M 0C8, Canada
2
Department of Animal Science, McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC H9X 3V9, Canada
3
Département de Sciences Animale, Université Laval, Quebec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2018 / Revised: 3 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Regulatory microRNA)
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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the potential regulatory roles of miRNAs in calf ileum developmental transition from the pre- to the post-weaning period. For this purpose, ileum tissues were collected from eight calves at the pre-weaning period and another eight calves at the post-weaning period and miRNA expression characterized by miRNA sequencing, followed by functional analyses. A total of 388 miRNAs, including 81 novel miRNAs, were identified. A total of 220 miRNAs were differentially expressed (DE) between the two periods. The potential functions of DE miRNAs in ileum development were supported by significant enrichment of their target genes in gene ontology terms related to metabolic processes and transcription factor activities or pathways related to metabolism (peroxisomes), vitamin digestion and absorption, lipid and protein metabolism, as well as intracellular signaling. Integration of DE miRNAs and DE mRNAs revealed several DE miRNA-mRNA pairs with crucial roles in ileum development (bta-miR-374a—FBXO18, bta-miR-374a—GTPBP3, bta-miR-374a—GNB2) and immune function (bta-miR-15b—IKBKB). This is the first integrated miRNA-mRNA analysis exploring the potential roles of miRNAs in calf ileum growth and development during early life. View Full-Text
Keywords: calf; Ileum; miRNA-mRNA integration; miRNA sequencing; growth; development calf; Ileum; miRNA-mRNA integration; miRNA sequencing; growth; development
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Do, D.N.; Dudemaine, P.-L.; Fomenky, B.E.; Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M. Integration of miRNA and mRNA Co-Expression Reveals Potential Regulatory Roles of miRNAs in Developmental and Immunological Processes in Calf Ileum during Early Growth. Cells 2018, 7, 134.

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