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Optical and Thermoelectric Properties of Surface-Oxidation Sensitive Layered Zirconium Dichalcogenides ZrS2−xSex (x = 0, 1, 2) Crystals Grown by Chemical Vapor Transport

Graduate Institute of Applied Science and Technology, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Crystals 2020, 10(4), 327; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst10040327
Received: 11 April 2020 / Revised: 20 April 2020 / Accepted: 20 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
In this work, structure, optical, and thermoelectric properties of layered ZrS2−xSex single crystals with selenium composition of x = 0, 1, and 2 were examined. Single crystals of zirconium dichalcogenides layer compounds were grown by chemical vapor transport method using I2 as the transport agent. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM) results indicated that ZrS2−xSex (x = 0, 1, and 2) were crystalized in hexagonal CdI2 structure with one-layer trigonal (1T) stacking type. X-ray photoelectron and energy dispersive X-ray measurements revealed oxidation sensitive behavior of the chalcogenides series. Transmittance and optical absorption showed an indirect optical gap of about 1.78 eV, 1.32 eV, and 1.12 eV for the ZrS2−xSex with x = 0, 1, and 2, respectively. From the result of thermoelectric experiment, ZrSe2 owns the highest figure-of merit (ZT) of ~0.085 among the surface-oxidized ZrS2−xSex series layer crystals at 300 K. The ZT values of the ZrS2−xSex (x = 0, 1, and 2) series also reveal increase with the increase of Se content owing to the increase of carrier concentration and mobility in the highly Se-incorporated zirconium dichalcogenides with surface states. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2D semiconductor; surface state; thermoelectric material; optical property 2D semiconductor; surface state; thermoelectric material; optical property
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herninda, T.M.; Ho, C.-H. Optical and Thermoelectric Properties of Surface-Oxidation Sensitive Layered Zirconium Dichalcogenides ZrS2−xSex (x = 0, 1, 2) Crystals Grown by Chemical Vapor Transport. Crystals 2020, 10, 327.

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