Dislocations play a crucial role in self-organization and strain relaxation mechanisms in SiGe heterostructures. In most cases, they should be avoided, and different strategies exist to exploit their nucleation properties in order to manipulate their position. In either case, detailed knowledge about their exact Burgers vectors and possible dislocation reactions are necessary to optimize the fabrication processes and the properties of SiGe materials. In this review a brief overview of the dislocation mechanisms in the SiGe system is given. The method of choice for dislocation characterization is transmission electron microscopy. In particular, the article provides a detailed introduction into large-angle convergent-beam electron diffraction, and gives an overview of different application examples of this method on SiGe structures and related systems.
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