Enzymes are biological catalysts, which work to accelerate chemical reactions at the molecular level in living organisms. They are major players in the control of biological processes such as replication, transcription, protein synthesis, metabolism, and signaling. Like inorganic catalysts, enzymes function by decreasing the activation energy of chemical reactions, thereby enhancing the rate of the reactions. Enzymes are widely used for chemical, food, pharmaceutical, medicinal, analytical, clinical, forensic, and environmental applications. Therefore, studies on their structure, mechanism, and function, using a wide range of experimental and computational methods, are necessary to understand better enzymes in biological processes. For this special issue, “Crystallographic Studies of Enzymes", we have collected research papers on enzymes with structural aspects and functional aspects; here we briefly discuss the contents of such research papers as follows, with the aim of suggesting new directions of investigation in the fields of enzyme research, protein engineering, and drug development.
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