Humanization of the Prostate Microenvironment Reduces Homing of PC3 Prostate Cancer Cells to Human Tissue-Engineered Bone
AbstractThe primary tumor microenvironment is inherently important in prostate cancer (PCa) initiation, growth and metastasis. However, most current PCa animal models are based on the injection of cancer cells into the blood circulation and bypass the first steps of the metastatic cascade, hence failing to investigate the influence of the primary tumor microenvironment on PCa metastasis. Here, we investigated the spontaneous metastasis of PC3 human PCa cells from humanized prostate tissue, containing cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and prostate lymphatic and blood vessel endothelial cells (BVECs), to humanized tissue-engineered bone constructs (hTEBCs) in NOD-SCID IL2Rγnull (NSG) mice. The hTEBC formed a physiologically mature organ bone which allowed homing of metastatic PCa cells. Humanization of prostate tissue had no significant effect on the tumor burden at the primary site over the 4 weeks following intraprostatic injection, yet reduced the incidence and burden of metastases in the hTEBC. Spontaneous PCa metastases were detected in the lungs and spleen with no significant differences between the humanized and non-humanized prostate groups. A significantly greater metastatic tumor burden was observed in the liver when metastasis occurred from the humanized prostate. Together, our data suggests that the presence of human-derived CAFs and BVECs in the primary PCa microenvironment influences selectively the metastatic and homing behavior of PC3 cells in this model. Our orthotopic and humanized PCa model developed via convergence of cancer research and tissue engineering concepts provides a platform to dissect mechanisms of species-specific PCa bone metastasis and to develop precision medicine strategies. View Full-Text
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McGovern, J.A.; Shafiee, A.; Wagner, F.; Lahr, C.A.; Landgraf, M.; Meinert, C.; Williams, E.D.; Russell, P.J.; Clements, J.A.; Loessner, D.; Holzapfel, B.M.; Risbridger, G.P.; Hutmacher, D.W. Humanization of the Prostate Microenvironment Reduces Homing of PC3 Prostate Cancer Cells to Human Tissue-Engineered Bone. Cancers 2018, 10, 438.
McGovern JA, Shafiee A, Wagner F, Lahr CA, Landgraf M, Meinert C, Williams ED, Russell PJ, Clements JA, Loessner D, Holzapfel BM, Risbridger GP, Hutmacher DW. Humanization of the Prostate Microenvironment Reduces Homing of PC3 Prostate Cancer Cells to Human Tissue-Engineered Bone. Cancers. 2018; 10(11):438.Chicago/Turabian Style
McGovern, Jacqui A.; Shafiee, Abbas; Wagner, Ferdinand; Lahr, Christoph A.; Landgraf, Marietta; Meinert, Christoph; Williams, Elizabeth D.; Russell, Pamela J.; Clements, Judith A.; Loessner, Daniela; Holzapfel, Boris M.; Risbridger, Gail P.; Hutmacher, Dietmar W. 2018. "Humanization of the Prostate Microenvironment Reduces Homing of PC3 Prostate Cancer Cells to Human Tissue-Engineered Bone." Cancers 10, no. 11: 438.
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