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Article

White Meat Consumption, All-Cause Mortality, and Cardiovascular Events: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies

1
Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, “Federico II” University, 80131 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Pharmacy, “Federico II” University, 80131 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Alaa El-Din A. Bekhit
Nutrients 2021, 13(2), 676; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020676
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
The association of meat consumption with mortality and morbidity for non-communicable diseases has been extensively studied. However, the relation of white meat consumption with health outcomes remains controversial. The present meta-analysis was conducted to comprehensively analyze the available evidence on the consistency and strength of the association between the consumption of white meat, death from any cause and incidence of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular (CV) events. PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus and Embase databases were searched for articles published up to April 30, 2020. We included prospective cohort studies reporting relative risks and pertinent 95% confidence intervals (CI) for all-cause mortality and/or CV events (fatal or non-fatal). A total of 22 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Eleven studies (14 data sets) reported data on all-cause mortality, 10 studies (15 datasets) on cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and 10 studies (11 datasets) on non-fatal CV events. When comparing the highest versus the lowest consumption of white meat, the pooled OR and pertinent 95% CI were 0.94 (0.90, 0.97, p < 0.001) for all-cause mortality, 0.95 (0.89, 1.01, p = 0.13) for CV mortality, and 0.99 (0.95, 1.02, p = 0.48) for non-fatal CV events. In conclusion, the study shows for the first time a robust and inverse association between white meat consumption and all-cause mortality and a neutral association with CV mortality and morbidity. This highlights the importance of differentiating the meat types for what concerns their health effects and suggests that white meat might be a healthier alternative to read and processed meat consumption. View Full-Text
Keywords: meta-analysis; cohort studies; white meat; poultry; all-cause mortality; cardiovascular disease; coronary heart disease; stroke meta-analysis; cohort studies; white meat; poultry; all-cause mortality; cardiovascular disease; coronary heart disease; stroke
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lupoli, R.; Vitale, M.; Calabrese, I.; Giosuè, A.; Riccardi, G.; Vaccaro, O. White Meat Consumption, All-Cause Mortality, and Cardiovascular Events: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Nutrients 2021, 13, 676. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020676

AMA Style

Lupoli R, Vitale M, Calabrese I, Giosuè A, Riccardi G, Vaccaro O. White Meat Consumption, All-Cause Mortality, and Cardiovascular Events: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):676. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020676

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lupoli, Roberta, Marilena Vitale, Ilaria Calabrese, Annalisa Giosuè, Gabriele Riccardi, and Olga Vaccaro. 2021. "White Meat Consumption, All-Cause Mortality, and Cardiovascular Events: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies" Nutrients 13, no. 2: 676. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020676

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