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Article

Patterns of Avoiding Nutrition Mistakes in Metropolitan Adolescents Are Associated with Sex, Nutrition Knowledge, Physical Activity, and Family Environment

1
Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, 159C Nowoursynowska Str., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Fundamental Engineering and Energetics, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences—SGGW, 164 Nowoursynowska Str., 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Katarzyna Przybylowicz
Nutrients 2021, 13(2), 433; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020433
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Habits and Disease Risk Factors)
A comprehensive approach to the identification of the relationship between behaviors limiting nutrition mistakes, nutrition knowledge, and physical activity in the context of the family environment has not yet been widely explored. We aim to identify patterns of avoiding nutrition mistakes in high school students from Warsaw, Poland, and to assess their associations with nutrition knowledge (NK), physical activity (PA), body mass index (BMI), demographic, and family environment characteristics. A cross-sectional study involving 616 high school students, aged 16–19, was conducted. The data were collected by distributing questionnaires. The k-means method was used for cluster analysis, and logistic regression was used to assess the adherence to identified patterns. We identified three patterns: Prudent Ones (45%), Inconsequent (39%), and Rebels (16%). About 70% of adolescents had insufficient NK. The adherence to the Rebels pattern was lower by 85 % in girls, by 68% in students with younger siblings, and was about 4.0-times higher in children of mothers with primary education, 2.4 times higher in students with insufficient NK, and 1.9-times higher in students living in a family with more than 4 persons. The groups of adolescents with feature characteristics of the Rebels and Inconsequent are possible targets for intervention and require further in-depth research to explain their lack of attempts to avoid nutrition mistakes. The results clearly indicate the necessity of including metropolitan teenage boys in effective nutritional education for the rationalization of their dietary behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: eating habits; food; lifestyle; physical activity in leisure time; nutrition knowledge dietary pattern; parental education; siblings; high school students; metropolis eating habits; food; lifestyle; physical activity in leisure time; nutrition knowledge dietary pattern; parental education; siblings; high school students; metropolis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drywień, M.; Górnicka, M.; Kulik, S.; Górnicki, K. Patterns of Avoiding Nutrition Mistakes in Metropolitan Adolescents Are Associated with Sex, Nutrition Knowledge, Physical Activity, and Family Environment. Nutrients 2021, 13, 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020433

AMA Style

Drywień M, Górnicka M, Kulik S, Górnicki K. Patterns of Avoiding Nutrition Mistakes in Metropolitan Adolescents Are Associated with Sex, Nutrition Knowledge, Physical Activity, and Family Environment. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):433. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020433

Chicago/Turabian Style

Drywień, Małgorzata, Magdalena Górnicka, Stanisław Kulik, and Krzysztof Górnicki. 2021. "Patterns of Avoiding Nutrition Mistakes in Metropolitan Adolescents Are Associated with Sex, Nutrition Knowledge, Physical Activity, and Family Environment" Nutrients 13, no. 2: 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020433

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