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Article

High Fat, High Sugar Diet and DJOS Bariatric Surgery Influence Plasma Levels of Fetuin-B, Growth Differentiation Factor-15, and Pentraxin 3 in Diet-Induced Obese Sprague–Dawley Rats

1
Department of Rehabilitation, 3rd Specialist Hospital in Rybnik, Energetyków 46, 44-200 Rybnik, Poland
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Department of Internal Medicine, Diabetology, and Nephrology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Poniatowskiego 15, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
3
Faculty of Natural Sciences, Institute of Biology, Biotechnology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia in Katowice, Bankowa 9, 40-007 Katowice, Poland
4
Department of Statistics, Department of Instrumental Analysis, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia, Poniatowskiego 15, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
5
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, Poniatowskiego 15, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karolina Szewczyk-Golec
Nutrients 2021, 13(10), 3632; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103632
Received: 1 September 2021 / Revised: 14 October 2021 / Accepted: 15 October 2021 / Published: 17 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Specialized Diet, Obesity and Associated Metabolic Disorders)
The liver plays a central role in glucose and fatty acid metabolism and acts as an endocrine organ that secretes hepatokines with diverse systemic effects. The study aimed to examine the influence of duodenojejunal omega switch (DJOS) bariatric surgery in combination with different diets on glucose administration parameters and hepatokines levels. After 8 weeks on high fat, high sugar diet (HFS) or control diets (CD), Sprague–Dawley rats underwent DJOS or SHAM (control) surgery. For the next 8 weeks after the surgery, half of DJOS and SHAM-operated animals were kept on the same diet as before, and half had a diet change. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed three times: 8 weeks before and 4 and 8 weeks after surgery. Fetuin-B, growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), pentraxin 3 (PTX3) plasma levels were analyzed. DJOS surgery had a beneficial effect on oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results and the area under the curve (AUCOGTT). The OGTT results depended on the time elapsed after the surgery, the type of diet used, the surgery performed, and the interaction between these factors. DJOS bariatric surgery reduced fetuin-B and GDF15 plasma levels. Interaction between the type of surgery performed and diet used influenced the fetuin-B and PTX-3 plasma levels. A dietary regime is essential to achieve therapeutic and clinical goals after bariatric surgery. View Full-Text
Keywords: bariatric surgery; duodenojejunal omega switch (DJOS); fetuin-B; growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15); hepatokines; high fat sugar (HFS) diet; pentraxin 3 (PTX3) bariatric surgery; duodenojejunal omega switch (DJOS); fetuin-B; growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15); hepatokines; high fat sugar (HFS) diet; pentraxin 3 (PTX3)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Poloczek, J.; Tarnawska, M.; Chełmecka, E.; Łaszczyca, P.; Gumprecht, J.; Stygar, D. High Fat, High Sugar Diet and DJOS Bariatric Surgery Influence Plasma Levels of Fetuin-B, Growth Differentiation Factor-15, and Pentraxin 3 in Diet-Induced Obese Sprague–Dawley Rats. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3632. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103632

AMA Style

Poloczek J, Tarnawska M, Chełmecka E, Łaszczyca P, Gumprecht J, Stygar D. High Fat, High Sugar Diet and DJOS Bariatric Surgery Influence Plasma Levels of Fetuin-B, Growth Differentiation Factor-15, and Pentraxin 3 in Diet-Induced Obese Sprague–Dawley Rats. Nutrients. 2021; 13(10):3632. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103632

Chicago/Turabian Style

Poloczek, Jakub, Monika Tarnawska, Elżbieta Chełmecka, Piotr Łaszczyca, Janusz Gumprecht, and Dominika Stygar. 2021. "High Fat, High Sugar Diet and DJOS Bariatric Surgery Influence Plasma Levels of Fetuin-B, Growth Differentiation Factor-15, and Pentraxin 3 in Diet-Induced Obese Sprague–Dawley Rats" Nutrients 13, no. 10: 3632. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103632

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