Next Article in Journal
Effects of Capsinoid Intake on Brown Adipose Tissue Vascular Density and Resting Energy Expenditure in Healthy, Middle-Aged Adults: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Athletes’ Probiotic Intake May Depend on Protein and Dietary Fiber Intake
Previous Article in Journal
A Review of the Potential Interaction of Selenium and Iodine on Placental and Child Health
Previous Article in Special Issue
Associations of Food-Chewing Discomfort with Health Behaviors and Cognitive and Physical Health Using Pooled Data from the Korean Health Panel (2010–2013)
Open AccessArticle

Energy Gap between Doubly Labeled Water-Based Energy Expenditure and Calculated Energy Intake from Recipes and Plate Waste, and Subsequent Weight Changes in Elderly Residents in Japanese Long-Term Care Facilities: CLEVER Study

1
Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, National Institute of Health and Nutrition, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Tokyo 162-8636, Japan
2
Sports Medicine Research Center, Keio University, Yokohama 223-8521, Japan
3
Faculty of Nutrition, Kagawa Nutrition University, Saitama 350-0288, Japan
4
Division of Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, Osaka 560-8531, Japan
5
Institute for Active Health, Kyoto University of Advanced Science, Kyoto 615-8577, Japan
6
Silverpia-Kaga Long-Term Care Health Facility, Tokyo 173-0003, Japan
7
Dentistry and Oral Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0015, Japan
8
Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2677; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092677
Received: 20 July 2020 / Revised: 26 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 2 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Intake and Physical Activity for Human Health)
Unintentional weight loss is a major frailty component; thus, assessing energy imbalance is essential for institutionalized elderly residents. This study examined prediction errors of the observed energy intake (OEI) against the actual energy intake obtained from the doubly labeled water (DLW) method and clarified the relationship between the energy gap obtained by subtracting total energy expenditure (TEE) from OEI and subsequent weight changes in elderly residents in long-term care facilities. Overall, 46 participants were recruited in Japan. TEE was measured using the DLW method, and OEI was calculated from recipes and plate waste simultaneously over a 14–15-day period at baseline. The total energy intake (TEIDLW) was determined on the basis of DLW and weight changes during the DLW period. The weight was longitudinally tracked monthly for 12 months in the 28 residents who still lived at the facilities. OEI was higher than TEIDLW by a mean of 232 kcal/day (15.3%) among 46 residents at baseline. The longitudinal data of 28 residents showed that the energy gap tended to be correlated with the slope of weight change (ρ = 0.337, p = 0.080) and the median value was significantly lower in the weight loss group (152 kcal/day) than in the weight gain group (350 kcal/day) (p < 0.05). In conclusion, weight loss could occur at Japanese long-term care facilities even if the difference obtained by subtracting TEE from OEI was positive because OEI was overestimated by more than 200 kcal/day. View Full-Text
Keywords: doubly labeled water; long-term care facility; observed energy intake; total energy expenditure; weight loss doubly labeled water; long-term care facility; observed energy intake; total energy expenditure; weight loss
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nishida, Y.; Tanaka, S.; Nakae, S.; Yamada, Y.; Shirato, H.; Hirano, H.; Sasaki, S.; Katsukawa, F. Energy Gap between Doubly Labeled Water-Based Energy Expenditure and Calculated Energy Intake from Recipes and Plate Waste, and Subsequent Weight Changes in Elderly Residents in Japanese Long-Term Care Facilities: CLEVER Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2677. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092677

AMA Style

Nishida Y, Tanaka S, Nakae S, Yamada Y, Shirato H, Hirano H, Sasaki S, Katsukawa F. Energy Gap between Doubly Labeled Water-Based Energy Expenditure and Calculated Energy Intake from Recipes and Plate Waste, and Subsequent Weight Changes in Elderly Residents in Japanese Long-Term Care Facilities: CLEVER Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2677. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092677

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nishida, Yuki; Tanaka, Shigeho; Nakae, Satoshi; Yamada, Yosuke; Shirato, Hiroyuki; Hirano, Hirohiko; Sasaki, Satoshi; Katsukawa, Fuminori. 2020. "Energy Gap between Doubly Labeled Water-Based Energy Expenditure and Calculated Energy Intake from Recipes and Plate Waste, and Subsequent Weight Changes in Elderly Residents in Japanese Long-Term Care Facilities: CLEVER Study" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2677. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092677

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop