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Nutrition, Microbiota and Noncommunicable Diseases
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Article

Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum OLP-01 Supplementation during Endurance Running Training Improves Exercise Performance in Middle- and Long-Distance Runners: A Double-Blind Controlled Trial

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Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City 23561, Taiwan
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Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City 11031, Taiwan
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Graduate Institute of Sports Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan City 33301, Taiwan
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Glac Biotech Co., Ltd., Tainan City 74442, Taiwan
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Department of Sports Training Science-Athletics, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan City 33301, Taiwan
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Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Biotechnology, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung City 83102, Taiwan
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Aging and Disease Prevention Research Center, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung City 83102, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 1972; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071972
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 27 June 2020 / Accepted: 1 July 2020 / Published: 2 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sports Nutrition)
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum Olympic No. 1 (OLP-01) has been shown in previous animal experiments to improve exercise endurance performance, but this effect has not been confirmed in humans, or more particularly, in athletes. Toward this end, the current study combined OLP-01 supplementation with regular exercise training in well-trained middle- and long-distance runners at the National Taiwan Sport University. The study was designed as a double-blind placebo-controlled experiment. Twenty-one subjects (14 males and seven females aged 20–30 years) were evenly distributed according to total distance (meters) traveled in 12 min to one of the following two groups: a placebo group (seven males and three females) and an OLP-01 (1.5 × 1010 colony forming units (CFU)/day) group (seven males and four females). All the participants received placebo or OLP-01 supplements for five consecutive weeks consisting of three weeks of regular training and two weeks of de-training. Before and after the experiment, the participants were tested for 12-min running/walking distance, and body composition, blood/serum, and fecal samples were analyzed. The results showed that OLP-01 significantly increased the change in the 12-min Cooper’s test running distance and the abundance of gut microbiota. Although no significant change in body composition was found, OLP-01 caused no adverse reactions or harm to the participants’ bodies. In summary, OLP-01 can be used as a sports nutrition supplement, especially for athletes, to improve exercise performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: OLP-01; Bifidobacterium longum; probiotic; exercise performance; athletes OLP-01; Bifidobacterium longum; probiotic; exercise performance; athletes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, C.-L.; Hsu, Y.-J.; Ho, H.-H.; Chang, Y.-C.; Kuo, Y.-W.; Yeh, Y.-T.; Tsai, S.-Y.; Chen, C.-W.; Chen, J.-F.; Huang, C.-C.; Lee, M.-C. Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum OLP-01 Supplementation during Endurance Running Training Improves Exercise Performance in Middle- and Long-Distance Runners: A Double-Blind Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1972. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071972

AMA Style

Lin C-L, Hsu Y-J, Ho H-H, Chang Y-C, Kuo Y-W, Yeh Y-T, Tsai S-Y, Chen C-W, Chen J-F, Huang C-C, Lee M-C. Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum OLP-01 Supplementation during Endurance Running Training Improves Exercise Performance in Middle- and Long-Distance Runners: A Double-Blind Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):1972. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071972

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Che-Li, Yi-Ju Hsu, Hsieh-Hsun Ho, Yung-Cheng Chang, Yi-Wei Kuo, Yao-Tsung Yeh, Shin-Yu Tsai, Ching-Wei Chen, Jui-Fen Chen, Chi-Chang Huang, and Mon-Chien Lee. 2020. "Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum OLP-01 Supplementation during Endurance Running Training Improves Exercise Performance in Middle- and Long-Distance Runners: A Double-Blind Controlled Trial" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 1972. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071972

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