Next Article in Journal
Promising Effect of a New Ketogenic Diet Regimen in Patients with Advanced Cancer
Next Article in Special Issue
A Dairy Product to Reconstitute Enriched with Bioactive Nutrients Stops Bone Loss in High-Risk Menopausal Women without Pharmacological Treatment
Previous Article in Journal
Metabolites, Nutrients, and Lifestyle Factors in Relation to Coffee Consumption: An Environment-Wide Association Study
Open AccessReview

Vitamin D Deficiency and Oral Health: A Comprehensive Review

1
Periodontology Department, Clinical Research Unit (CRU), Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz (CiiEM), Egas Moniz—Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, 2829-511 Caparica, Almada, Portugal
2
CRU, CiiEM, Egas Moniz—Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, 2829-511 Caparica, Almada, Portugal
3
Orthodontics Department, CRU, CiiEM, Egas Moniz–Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, 2829-511 Caparica, Almada, Portugal
4
Quantitative Methods for Health Research Unit (MQIS), CiiEM, Egas Moniz—Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, 2829-511 Caparica, Almada, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
João Botelho and Vanessa Machado are equally first authors.
Nutrients 2020, 12(5), 1471; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051471
Received: 9 April 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 19 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Impact of Vitamins, Minerals and Functional Foods on Bone Health)
Vitamin D (VD) levels have been gaining growing attention in Oral Health. During growth and adulthood, VD deficiency (VDD) is associated with a wide variety of oral health disorders, and impaired VD synthesis may expedite some of these conditions. In children, severe VDD can induce defective tooth mineralization, resulting in dentin and enamel defects. As a consequence, these defects may increase the risk of the onset and progression of dental caries. Further, VDD has been associated with higher prevalence of periodontitis and gingival inflammation, and several recent preclinical and clinical studies have unveiled potential pathways through which Vitamin D may interact with the periodontium. VDD correction through supplementation may contribute to a successful treatment of periodontitis; however, alveolar bone regeneration procedures performed in baseline VDD patients seem more prone to failure. Vitamin D may also be linked with some oral pathology entities such as certain oral cancers and events of osteonecrosis of the jaw. This review aims to provide comprehensive evidence of how VD levels should be considered to promote good oral health, and to summarize how VDD may hamper oral development and its role in certain oral conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamins; vitamin D deficiency; oral health; periodontal health; periodontal disease; periodontitis; caries; orthodontics; oral cancer vitamins; vitamin D deficiency; oral health; periodontal health; periodontal disease; periodontitis; caries; orthodontics; oral cancer
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Botelho, J.; Machado, V.; Proença, L.; Delgado, A.S.; Mendes, J.J. Vitamin D Deficiency and Oral Health: A Comprehensive Review. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1471. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051471

AMA Style

Botelho J, Machado V, Proença L, Delgado AS, Mendes JJ. Vitamin D Deficiency and Oral Health: A Comprehensive Review. Nutrients. 2020; 12(5):1471. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051471

Chicago/Turabian Style

Botelho, João; Machado, Vanessa; Proença, Luís; Delgado, Ana S.; Mendes, José J. 2020. "Vitamin D Deficiency and Oral Health: A Comprehensive Review" Nutrients 12, no. 5: 1471. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12051471

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop