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Open AccessCommunication

Dysbiosis and Prematurity: Is There a Role for Probiotics?

Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, “Aldo Moro” University of Bari, P.zza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre and Antonio Di Mauro equally contributed to this work.
Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1273; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061273
Received: 10 April 2019 / Revised: 7 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 5 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Insights in Preterm Nutrition)
Healthy microbiota is a critical mediator in maintaining health and it is supposed that dysbiosis could have a role in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases. Evidence supports the hypothesis that maternal dysbiosis could act as a trigger for preterm birth; aberrant colonization of preterm infant gut might have a role in feeding intolerance and pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis. Despite several clinical trials and meta-analyses, it is still not clear if modulation of maternal and neonatal microbiota with probiotic supplementation decreases the risk of preterm birth and its complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: “Dysbiosis” [MeSH]; “Premature Birth” [MeSH]; “Infant; Premature” [MeSH]; “Probiotics” [MeSH] “Dysbiosis” [MeSH]; “Premature Birth” [MeSH]; “Infant; Premature” [MeSH]; “Probiotics” [MeSH]
MDPI and ACS Style

Baldassarre, M.E.; Di Mauro, A.; Capozza, M.; Rizzo, V.; Schettini, F.; Panza, R.; Laforgia, N. Dysbiosis and Prematurity: Is There a Role for Probiotics? Nutrients 2019, 11, 1273.

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