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The Effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet on Metabolic Syndrome in Hospitalized Schizophrenic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Psychiatric Hospital Ugljan, Otočkih dragovoljaca 42, 23275 Ugljan, Croatia
2
Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(12), 2950; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11122950
Received: 21 November 2019 / Revised: 27 November 2019 / Accepted: 2 December 2019 / Published: 4 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue DASH Diet and Human Health)
The relationship between the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people with schizophrenia is unknown and remains to be investigated. Therefore, we have conducted a three-month parallel-group randomized controlled trial. Sixty-seven hospitalized schizophrenic patients with MetS [n = 33 in the intervention group (IG) and n = 34 in the control group (CG)] completed the intervention. The IG followed the DASH diet with the caloric restriction of approximately 1673.6 kJ/day (400 kcal/day) when compared to the standard hospital diet followed by the CG. Simultaneously, both groups participated in a nutrition counseling program. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters and blood pressure were measured at the baseline and after three months, while nutrient intakes during the intervention were assessed using three non-consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls. The analyses were carried out based on the per-protocol approach. At three months, the MetS prevalence significantly decreased in both the IG and the CG (75.8%, p = 0.002, and 67.7%, p = 0.0003, respectively; odds ratio = 0.9; 95% confidence interval = 0.43–1.87). No significant differences in the prevalence of MetS and its features were found between the groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: DASH diet; diet quality; metabolic syndrome; nutrition counseling; schizophrenia DASH diet; diet quality; metabolic syndrome; nutrition counseling; schizophrenia
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Sorić, T.; Mavar, M.; Rumbak, I. The Effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet on Metabolic Syndrome in Hospitalized Schizophrenic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2950.

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