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Open AccessArticle

Participation in the School Milk Program Contributes to Increased Milk Consumption and Dietary Nutrient Intake by Middle School Students in South Korea

by Jee Hyun Lee 1,†, Woo Kyoung Kim 2,† and Sun Hyo Kim 3,*
1
Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Dankook University, Yongin City, Gyeonggi-do 16890, Korea
2
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Natural Science, Dankook University, Cheonan City, Chungcheongnam-do 31116, Korea
3
Department of Technology and Home Economics Education, Kongju National University, Gongju City, Chungcheongnam-do 32588, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2386; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102386
Received: 5 August 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 6 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dairy Products Consumption for Human Health)
Milk is considered to be one of the main food sources of calcium for promoting growth and bone health in children and adolescents. This study investigated whether or not participation in a school milk program affected milk consumption and nutrient intake by middle school students in South Korea. In total, 692 middle school students aged 13–16 years old were enrolled in two groups: the school milk program participant group (n = 346) and the non-participant group (n = 346). The survey examined normal milk consumption status in both groups. The diet record method was applied to analyze the amount of nutrient intake levels. Milk/dairy product consumption was significantly higher in the school milk program participant group for both boys and girls (p < 0.001). The school milk program participant group also generally showed higher energy and dietary nutrient intake levels as compared to the non-participant group for both genders (p < 0.05). No differences were observed in milk consumption at home or outside school, and calcium intake from animal-derived foods was higher in the school milk program participant group (p < 0.001). Therefore, it can be assumed that participating in the school milk program directly resulted in higher calcium intake. Hence, we can report that participating in the school milk program contributes to increased milk consumption and improved the overall nutrient intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: school milk program; nutrient intake; milk; middle school; adolescence; calcium school milk program; nutrient intake; milk; middle school; adolescence; calcium
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.H.; Kim, W.K.; Kim, S.H. Participation in the School Milk Program Contributes to Increased Milk Consumption and Dietary Nutrient Intake by Middle School Students in South Korea. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2386.

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