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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1478; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101478

Fatty Fish Intake and the Effect on Mental Health and Sleep in Preschool Children in FINS-KIDS, a Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health, NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, 5008 Bergen, Norway
2
Department of Psychosocial Science, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
3
Institute of Marine Research (IMR), 5817 Bergen, Norway
4
NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, 5008 Bergen, Norway
5
Directorate of Fisheries, 5804 Bergen, Norway
6
Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Bergen, 5020 Bergen, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 September 2018 / Revised: 28 September 2018 / Accepted: 8 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
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Abstract

Mental health and sleep problems are prevalent in children during preschool years. The aim of the current study was to investigate if increased intake of fatty fish compared with meat improves mental health and sleep in four- to six-year-old children. The children (n = 232) in the two-armed randomized controlled trial, Fish Intervention Studies-KIDS (FINS-KIDS), were randomly assigned to lunch meals with fatty fish (herring/mackerel) or meat (chicken/lamb/beef) three times a week for 16 weeks. The fish and meat were weighed before and after the meals to record the exact consumption in grams (dietary compliance). Mental health problems were assessed by the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) and sleep by parent report pre- and post-intervention. There was no significant statistical difference between changes in mental health and sleep for the fish eating group compared with the meat eating group, neither in the crude analysis nor after adjusting for intake of fish or meat (dietary compliance). View Full-Text
Keywords: docosahexaenoic acid; eicosapentaenoic acid; fatty fish; preschoolers; mental health; sleep docosahexaenoic acid; eicosapentaenoic acid; fatty fish; preschoolers; mental health; sleep
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Hysing, M.; Kvestad, I.; Kjellevold, M.; Kolden Midtbø, L.; Graff, I.E.; Lie, Ø.; Hurum, H.; Stormark, K.M.; Øyen, J. Fatty Fish Intake and the Effect on Mental Health and Sleep in Preschool Children in FINS-KIDS, a Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1478.

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